How the kokhiya looks?
Kokhiya are the bright green gustooblistvenny bushes capable to reach height of 60 centimeters and to one meter, similar to the coniferous. Sometimes they even are called "summer cypresses". However, it not evergreen fir-trees, but the fast-growing odnoletnik having small thin leaflets. In many parks of the world it is possible to meet borders, intricate labyrinths and even green figures from these unique plants. The kokhiya belongs to family marevy, it strongly branches, changes coloring of leaves throughout all season. In the spring and at the beginning of summer leaves bright green, then they are gradually painted in yellow, claret and henna-red tone. And the name was given a sort in honor of the German botanist Koch. Most often gardeners grow up a coronal kokhiya. Two of its subspecies are widespread:
- the kokhiya volosolistny – it also changes in the fall "dress" for the crimson-red;
- Chaylds's kokhiya – its emerald-green leaves remain invariable to the frosts.
Kokhiya can successfully add compositions from multi-colored pansies, pink, red petunias, scarlet salviya, violet heliotropes, white or lilac .
Crops of seeds of a kokhiya
Bags with high-quality seeds can be got in specialized gardening shops. In the southern regions usually seeds of a kokhiya sow at once in an open ground in the first of May. In other areas it is recommended to grow up a summer cypress in the rassadny way. It is possible to be engaged in crops of these small seeds in March or April. An important condition for germination – existence of light. Therefore do not cover seeds with earth but only slightly press them into a substratum (usual garden soil to which humus is added). Do not forget to moisten the soil before crops, then seeds will sprout quicker (in 7-10 days). It is possible to put glasses, pots or containers on a window sill indoors, where temperature in the range from 18 to 23 °C. Daily check, whether it is necessary to oprysnut the soil. Do not allow drying of the top layer. That the kokhiya well developed, it needs many sunshine. At deficiency of light seedlings very much are extended, seem by sight weakened. At such thin plants by all means it is necessary to cut verkhushechka then to rearrange them in lighter place. Then soon you will notice that on a plant there are lateral escapes, their look considerably improves. The seedling needs regular watering. When height of plants is on 6 centimeters, they should be raspikirovat that they did not "sit" in narrowness. Only dig out seedlings with an earth lump, then backs will not be damaged. In the second half of May when height of seedlings is from 15 to 20 cm, they can be replaced in a garden, to a constant place. If do ryadochka of "summer cypresses" along paths, between them there has to be a distance (35-50 cm). Well water holes and start change by a transfer method, preserving roots against damages. In the first days small plants to a pritenyayta. Be not upset if your tiny "fir-trees" at midday become sluggish, simply water them in the evening, soon they "will recover" again, will become harmonous.
If all your window sills are occupied with seedling of tomatoes, , , pepper and other cultures, try to seed at the very beginning of May kokhiya seeds to the greenhouse or on a bed under ukryvny material. Then replace the grown-up "metyolochka" there where conceived.
Recommendations about cultivation of a kokhiya
Better the kokhiya grows on a solar place. But it will develop and in penumbras.
To soils the kokhiya is undemanding. But, if you wish very magnificent and graceful bushes, then add a little sand to loam and humus and peat.
Try to loosen sometimes the earth under bushes, to delete weeds. In droughty summer the kokhiya should be watered plentifully (in the morning or in the evening). If in the soil there is not enough moisture, bushes fade.
Now about podkormka. If introduce fertilizers under bushes, at once will notice that they become to a krasha. In quality podkormok it is possible to take the divorced feltwort solution, solution of ashes or liquid mineral complexes. Pertinently to make the first top dressing in 14 days after change in soil, and further do them monthly.
Kokhiya well transfers a hairstyle garden scissors. It is possible "to build" pyramids, columns, balls, ovals, "nested dolls" and other interesting figures from the fluffy grown-up bushes. And, a form they are capable to hold long time. Therefore on a kokhiya those who is fond of topiarny hairstyles like to perfect the skill.
In the summer the kokhiya has inflorescences with small unattractive florets. By the end of August on these places many small multiseed nutlets ripen. Having collected these nutlets, you will be able to seed them for the next season. In south countries the summer cypress not bad breeds self-sowing, pleasing on spring of owners of a site with very young gentle-green "metyolochka". Only if seedlings ascends much, in due time thin out them, differently the site will be captivated by abundance of kokhiya.
In the fall the kokhiya too is very attractive in yellow, crimson, violet, bronze or brown "clothes". Coloring depends on a grade and conditions of cultivation. Branches of a kokhiya can be dried up, and to supplement with them flower compositions in the winter.
Whether there are problems at cultivation of a kokhiya?
If you find mobile reddish or black tochechka on the lower party of leaflets, perhaps, it is a web tick. Other sign – emergence of the thinnest spider line between leaves. Then plants should be processed an insecticide ("Fitoverm", "Aktellik").
If the plant grows dull, loses coloring brightness, it specifies that in the soil is not enough nutrients. Then it is necessary to feed up the "summer cypresses".
Kokhiya is very decorative, unpretentious in leaving, it is very easy to grow up her without special efforts and cares. The kokhiya since 1629 is cultivated. And a plant infusion possesses medicinal properties, it drink at hypostases, dropsy, an urolithic illness, rheumatism, a furunkulyoza.