The flower homeland – hot Brazil. By great popularity at flower growers of a hatior it is obliged to the freakish appearance. It looks as the strong plentifully branching bunch of stalks which consist of the segments thickened on the end. The plant has no Listyev, but during blossoming to a hatior decorates a set of flowers of saturated yellow color. To see this wonderful show, the flower grower should make some efforts. How to force to blossom to a hatior, will tell InfoAdvisor.net.
Care of a plant
Both to a sunlight, and treats a shadow of a hatior loyally. For growth of a flower the mixed lighting is optimum. That during the day the succulent was both under the sun, and in a zateneniye, it put on the windows facing the west or the East. The South side not really approaches a hatior as the scorching beams of the sun can leave burns on its stalks which at the same time are also leaves. At moderate lighting the flower well grows, in a dark place grows much more slowly and escapes does not let out.
Hatiora well feels at the room temperature and is tolerant to its differences. However to achieve obvious progress – growth and plentiful blossoming – it is necessary to provide to a succulent moderately warm temperature from 18 to 23 °C. Temperature drops within a day do well a hatior only therefore from the middle of April and to late fall take out a plant on open air (on a balcony or in a garden). The night cool and day heat stimulate a flower grow quicker.
During an autumn time of a hatior 1–2 months have a rest and gains strength before the forthcoming blossoming. In the small beautiful flowers it will please you in the winter. During rest for a succulent look for a cool place with a temperature in the strict range of 10-15 °C. Such conditions are necessary to a plant for formation of kidneys. After the end of wintering to a hatior bring to the warm room and start watering, and already very soon the plant will surprise surrounding with bright yellow buds.
Blossoming of a succulent somewhat can be controlled. For this purpose it should be noted, what is the time at hatior takes the period between an exit from rest and blossoming. For conscious regulation of blossoming wintering to a succulent is arranged sooner or later.
Humidity of air.
Indicators of humidity of air matter for hatior only during a strong heat when one watering becomes insufficiently. That the flower did not start "choking" with the overdried air, situation rectify by fine watering through a spray. But it not the only way to refresh to a hatior during a heat. It can be rinsed under a shower, to arrange near a reservoir or to put in the capacity filled with a damp moss, pebble and expanded clay.
In a warm season to a hatior plentifully water. It is connected with its physiological features: at a flower fleshy and juicy escapes which regularly need moistening. Deficiency of moisture badly affects a condition of a succulent: its escapes are wrinkled and start drying out. In this case it is important to react to this signal as soon as possible: timely watering helps a plant to recover quickly. In response to a long absence of watering of a hatior dumps segments.
Watering is reduced in the fall when the active growth of a succulent is slowed down and at a flower the dormant period begins. However and at this time it is necessary to check regularly, whether the earth lump not too dried up in case of need to humidify a little it.
Water a flower with soft otstoyanny water which surplus surely merges, otherwise roots hatior can decay
Hatiora can without deliberating be landed in universal soil for cactuses and succulents. At will the substratum for a plant is mixed independently. For this purpose connect the sheet earth, the turf, sand and humus in equal portions. The main requirements to soil for hatior – friability and air permeability. To make a substratum less heavy and dense, there add a little brick crumb and peat.
Hatiora will well feel both in a pot, and in the cache-pot intended for ampelous plants. Too deep or big capacity in the diameter is not necessary to a succulent. At a pot choice for hatior are guided by that for roots in it there was about 1 cm of free space.
The young flower needs to be replaced every year after blossoming with arrival of spring. Adult succulents send to a new residence of 1 times in 2 – 3 years. A large hatiora with which it is difficult to make any manipulations, replace time in 4 – 5 years.
The flower needs top dressing during active growth and blossoming. Mineral fertilizer for hatior has to contain the minimum quantity of nitrogen and calcium. Excess of nitrogen is dangerous to succulents and cactuses: too aggressively the substance affects roots of this species of plants, provoking their rotting and dying off. Therefore upon purchase of fertilizer for hatior it is necessary to choose means with such ratio: nitrogen (N) – 9, phosphorus (R) – 18, potassium (To) – 24. For top dressing use a half dosage. Fertilizer is introduced during watering 2 times within a month. In a dormant period to a hatior do not feed up.
Reproduction of a flower
To receive posterity from hatior will not make big work. For this purpose it is necessary to implant one of its segments. Sometimes parts of branches, falling to the ground, take root independently. In damp soil for cactuses or in mix of peat and sand well and quickly the segments consisting of several parts take roots.
Consequences of insufficient leaving
Though cultivation of a succulent does not demand any special conditions, sometimes the flower starts behaving not as we would like. The deviation from the basic rules of leaving for hatiory becomes the reason for that. Here the most widespread problems:
- Segments are wrinkled, fall down yet not revealed buds – the flower receives insufficient amount of moisture, and the lowered air temperature only aggravates a situation.
- Lack of blossoming, a small amount of buds – the grown poor soil (an acute shortage of nutrients in it), improper conditions for rest of a succulent before blossoming (too hot and/or it is too damp).
- Separate segments on branches of a succulent are wrinkled, thus the earth lump is rather moistened – the overdried air indoors.
The main danger to an exotic plant is constituted by the infections caused by pathogens of a fungal or bacterial origin.
The infection of the bacterial nature is shown by a small "wet" and slippery spot on one of segments hatior in the beginning. After a while the spot "creeps away" and on the next segments of a branch. Practice shows that antibiotics do not bring due result therefore whenever possible delete a sick site of a succulent. When too big area of a plant or a pernicious infection is struck "got out" directly on the basis of a stalk, unfortunately, it is necessary only to break off a healthy and strong shank and to grow up from it a new plant.
When the causative agent of a disease is the fungus, fusariosis and a phytophthora develop. Starts having fusariosis of a hatior if pathogenic microorganisms get into its fabrics through wounds on stalks or through openings after stings of insects. Get rid of an illness by means of fungicide means.
Activators of a phytophthora get to succulent fabrics from the infected soil. They constitute big danger first of all to a root neck of a plant. Withering of a plant which is watered regularly in sufficient volume becomes the first characteristic symptom of a disease. Thus segments hatior fade, getting a grayish shade. A flower treat the fungicide means intended for fight against fungal microorganisms.
The beauty of a hatior can fall a victim of a shchitovka, a flat red web tick, mealy cherveets and the whitefly. The plant reacts emergence of a scattering of yellow spots on branches to uninvited guests and dying off of separate segments. At emergence of these disturbing symptoms the succulent needs to be examined carefully. After detection of the wrecker select the corresponding preparations for fight against it.