The slightest changes in composition of blood specify that fragile balance of an organism and, perhaps reeled, any body or system of bodies needs the help.
How to hand over blood on "biochemistry"
You will have to "to hunger" 10-12 hours before delivery of blood on the biochemical analysis. It is impossible to drink also anything unless there is some water. All these precautionary measures are necessary in order that no third-party substances could affect the level of glucose and other elements. In the morning with a clear conscience and an empty stomach go to laboratory. This analysis requires about 5 ml of your blood from an elbow vein. For material processing one day but if you hurry usually is enough, can use express method.
Indicators: norm and deviation
Glucose - the main participant of a carbohydrate exchange in an organism. Its level in norm when we see figures of 3,5-6,5 mmol/l. Decrease of indicators possibly if the person long did not eat if in an organism overdose of insulin or any hormonal failures. Increase of norm indicates or speaks about violation of a susceptibility of an organism to glucose.
Normal indicators for the general protein in blood - 64-84 g/l. Protein provides the stable Ph level of blood, participates in processes of folding and transfer of substances in bodies and fabrics. If indicators are higher than norm, it is worth paying attention to existence of infectious diseases, , rheumatism or oncology. The lowered level of the general protein testifies to diseases of a liver, intestines or kidneys.
Hemoglobin is responsible for transfer of oxygen in an organism. For men the norm makes 130-160 g/l, for women - 120-140 g/l. Hemoglobin lowering of the level most often indicates .
Gaptoglobin is the protein connecting hemoglobin and controlling safety of iron in an organism. Its norm for adults - 150-2000 mg/l. Indicators with figures tell less norm about existence of an autoimmune disease, illness of a liver or about increase in a spleen. Figures should be considered more norm as the evidence of presence at an organism of malignancies (it is breast cancer, lung cancer, intestines or genitals).
Urea is a product of disintegration of proteins. Normal for its level it is considered 2,5-8,3 mmol/l. Increase of indicators speaks about violations in work of kidneys, intestinal impassability, formation of tumors, bleedings, happens also at burns, a state of shock. Short increase of urea is observed after active physical activities. Urea level in blood goes down at a sharp atrophy of a liver, , parenchymatous jaundices.
Creatinine displays quality of work of kidneys, takes part in a power exchange in fabrics. Its norm directly depends on the muscle bulk of the person: for men - 62-115 µmol/l, for women - 53-97 µmol/l. The raised content of creatinine in blood - a symptom of a renal failure or a gipertireoz. The lowered indicators of level of this substance of diagnostic value have no.
Cholesterol - an important component of a fatty exchange, is irreplaceable during the forming of cellular membranes, development of sexual hormones, vitamin D. Allocate the following types of cholesterol: the general, cholesterol of lipoproteins of the low density (LPNP) and high density (LPVP). The norm of the general cholesterol is defined by figures of 3,5-6,5 mmol/l. At the increased cholesterol level in blood the probability of development of atherosclerosis, violation in work warm sosudisto systems or problems with a liver increases. Gipokholesterinemiya is marked out at starvation, anemia, diseases of lungs (, nonspecific pneumonia), a gipertireoza, feverish states, extensive and defeats of the central nervous system.
Bilirubin is a yellow-red pigment, result of disintegration of hemoglobin. The general bilirubin (its norm of 5-20 µmol/l) is defined by direct and indirect bilirubin. The content in bilirubin blood over 27 µmol/l can warn about an initial stage of jaundice, is followed by coloring of mucous membranes and integuments in a yellow shade. Indicators of medium-weight jaundice - 87-159 µmol/l, heavy - over 160 µmol/l. Very high content of bilirubin directly indicates liver diseases (cirrhosis, in particular), hepatitis, , shortage of B12 vitamin, perhaps, existence of oncological diseases.
Alaninaminotransferaza (ALT) - this enzyme of a liver is used to estimate its work. He contains also in heart and kidneys, to ALT blood gets owing to destruction of their cages. Norm of this substance - 41 pieces/l for men and 31 pieces/l for women. The raised indicators of ALT pay attention of the doctor to heart and a liver - their such diseases as cirrhosis, a liver cancer, a heart attack or myocarditis are possible. Besides, increase in the ALT level the organism can react to shock, burns and an injury of skeletal muscles. Decrease in the ALT level shows the biochemical analysis at a necrosis, cirrhosis, and also in case of the insufficient contents in a B6 vitamin organism.
Aspartataminotransferaza (nuclear heating plant) - like ALT is in cells of heart, kidneys and a liver, is irreplaceable in an exchange of amino acids. Normal indicators for men - to 41 pieces/l, for women - to 31 pieces/l. The increase in value of level of nuclear heating plant sets thinking on probability , diseases of a pancreas, heart failure and a cancer of a liver. Also the nuclear heating plant is raised at at fractures of muscles of a skeleton, burns and a heatstroke. Enzyme lowering of the level reveals blood test at a rupture of a liver and deficiency of B6 vitamin.
Enzyme a lipase serves in an organism for splitting of fats. In diagnostics the lipase which is developed by a pancreas is important. Its normal content in blood of 0-190 pieces/l. However through a couple of hours after a bad attack of pancreatitis lipase level in blood increases to 200 times. Besides, increase of indicators of a lipase can indicate such diseases as a chronic inflammation of a gall bladder, impassability of intestines, obesity, gout. Decrease in level of a lipase is observed at oncological diseases (except a pancreas cancer) and at improper feeding.
By means of amylase which is in a saliva and a pancreas, food carbohydrates are digested. Enzyme is divided into alpha amylase (norm of 28-100 pieces/l) and pancreatic amylase (0-50 pieces/l). Peritonitis, diabetes, , , as a rule, increase the content of amylase in blood to 10 times. Level of alpha amylase increases at injuries of a stomach and as a result of pregnancy interruption. Decrease in level of amylase in blood is observed at and it is considered normal.
We considered the main components of blood actual for biochemical research. InfoAdvisor.net hurries to remind you that all data of the analysis need the qualified assessment of the expert, your attending physician.