At conservation many hostesses by all means put a branch of a fragrant estragon in a jar is reduces growth and reproduction of lactic bacteria. Then long safety, aroma and a hrustkost are provided . We use it at preparation of various vegetable salatik, sauces, fish and meat dishes. Since the childhood we remember taste of green Estragon drink, and after all this original grass too enters it. In this article InfoAdvisor.net will acquaint you with other names of this long-term spicy grass and its medicinal properties.
Interesting facts and description of a plant
The plant came to us from Mongolia or Eastern Siberia.
It is some names at an estragon – the dragoon grass, a wormwood tarragon, stragon.
The scientific name – a tarragon, in Latin Artemisia dracunculus. From Greek "artemes" it is transferred as "healthy" and it is used by botanists for designation of all types of a wormwood. Some similarity to the mentioned plant nevertheless it is possible to notice. Here only the estragon did not take bitterness from "relative". There are still versions that the Latin name is given in honor of the queen Artemiziya, she immortalized memory of the husband Mavzole the mausoleum built in Galikarnas. And perhaps, the name came from a name of Artemis (the goddess of hunting). "A little dragon" call still the dragoon grass as someone found similarity at a sheet plate to the long doubled uvula of drakonchik. And the rhizome has similarity to a snake. By the way, the estragon is used as antidote at stings of some types creeping. In the countries of North Africa and regions of the Middle East the grass was very popular, about it the botanist living in the 12th eyelid and doctor Ibn Bayter writes in the works. It also applied in those far times a tarragon as medicine.
This perennial plant in the form of a bush grows, height can fluctuate from meter before human growth. Leaflets narrow and long and very fragrant. In a wild look the area of distribution is wide – Mongolia, China, India, Mexico, Canada, Alaska, Eastern Europe. In Russia is Siberia and the Far East, and the estragon on many country sites here is cultivated. The plant unpretentious, the sun is pleasant to it, but safely grows and in a shadow. In the early spring already there are from the earth beautiful and bright escapes. Pale yellow florets form a dense narrow metyolochka, there is it towards the end of August. And fruits in the form of the extended semyanka appear by October. It is possible to feed up mix of humus, compost, ashes and a nitrofoska. Watering is necessary the plentiful. Cut off branches in the summer and dry them for the winter. The more often the plant is cut off, the more it gives then very young escapes. In the spring except salads add the cut leaflets to broths, , okroshkas. In some countries from them prepare green oil or spicy vinegar for a salty small fish. Arabs by all means add an estragon to a goat's meat. Armenians season fish with a fragrant estragon. French put spice in beef, and Caucasians – in mutton. In summer days in my family an estragon – an obligatory component of salads from the Bulgarian pepper, tomatoes, cucumbers, risotto and vegetable stews. There are hostesses who like to preserve tomatoes, mushrooms and to make sour cabbage and apples with the dragoon grass. The plant should be added to hot dishes at the very end of preparation not to lose its useful qualities and a piquancy. Dijon mustard, tartare sauce, the Bern sauce and the Ukrainian cheeses does not do without tarragon. The known French mix called by Fine herbes includes shnitt-onions, a chervil, parsley and an estragon. Special taste and a light aroma give to vodka the bunches from fresh greens or a dry grass left in it for two weeks. The dried-up raw materials will be suitable for use in the winter or in the medical purposes. And it is possible to wash up gentle green branches, to dry them, having left on a towel. Then to cut and freeze in the freezer, having put in a package.
About sweet Estragon drink
This tasty soft drink by Mitrofan Lagidze (the tiflissky druggist) in 1887 was invented. He thought up to add to the sparkling water containing the fruit syrups prepared for them, odorous extract of the Caucasian estragon. Many times Lagidze received gold medals for drink. In 1981 this carbonated drink appeared on sale in shops of the USSR. At plants added to it still bright green dye. Except tarragon extract entered it: lemon acid, sugar and water. And here such estragon fruit drink can be prepared houses. Here that for it it will be required: 7 or 8 branches of an estragon, 750 ml of water, 60 g of sugar, 1 or 2 lemons (lime), 40 ml of sugar syrup, ice cubes. We start preparation. We cut the washed-up branches of a tarragon, we place in the blender, we add 20 ml of water (sometimes slightly more) and about 2,5 tablespoons of sugar, we shake up before formation of mashed potatoes. We place weight in a kastryulka, we add 100 more or 200 ml of water and it is brought to boiling. Do not forget to stir slowly! When mix cools down, place everything in a jug or to bank, it is possible to add the remained water, juice of a limonchik or lime, ice cubes now. We stir everything a cocktail spoon and we spill on glasses. The cool tasty fruit drink is ready!
It is unique the picked-up structure of a tarragon
A peculiar and unique smell and value give to a plant consisting of a fellantren, a sabinen, an otsimen, a mirtsen, a seskviterpen, pitches. The elevated part contains carotene, routines, ascorbic acid, flavonoids, alkaloids, Riboflavinum, tiamin, benzopyrones, are present also iron, potassium, calcium and phosphorus. Pleasant taste is provided bitter and tannins.
In 100 g of a grass only 25 kcal contain.
At a tarragon the following useful properties are revealed:
- Strengthens production of gastric juice, improves appetite and .
- Participates in normalization of work of sexual and other endocrine glands.
- Shows diuretic action at various and dropsy.
- The antiscorbutic, vitamin, all-strengthening, invigorating influence on an organism, raises a man's potentiality.
- Also the antivermicular effect is revealed.
- Calms nerves and normalizes a dream.
- Possesses anticonvulsive action.
- It is recently established that anticarcinogenic terpenes of a tarragon slow down growth of cells of tumors and stimulate destruction process with their own enzymes of a human body.
- If to chew some leaves of an estragon, the become attached hiccups disappears.
- As salt substitute at dietary food, for example, at .
At what diseases the estragon is useful?
The plant is recommended to the use at the following illnesses:
- depression, , sleeplessness;
- toothache, bleeding of gums;
- lack of appetite, sluggish digestion, meteorizm, intestines spasms;
- epilepsy, hiccups, tuberculosis, pneumonia;
- prevention of diseases of heart, for strengthening of vessels;
- painful monthly at women, a premenstrual syndrome and failures in a cycle.
It is possible to use fresh or to prepare tea (infusion). If suddenly at dacha tooth ached, it is possible to chew the broken leaflets, pain will cease when the estragon removes an inflammation.
Whether the tarragon is harmful?
It is possible to use a wormwood tarragon in small doses as large numbers can do harm to health and make and even vomiting from gastrointestinal system. At obvious overdose spasms and loss of consciousness are possible. Such remarkable spicy plant is contraindicated at giperatsidny gastritises and exacerbations of an ulcer of digestive bodies. It is necessary to abstain from a tarragon also to pregnant women, because of risk of threat of an abortion.
InfoAdvisor.net believes, as on your garden site the estragon-grass which can be used not only in cookery, but also for treatment grows.