Any person using the Internet got used to download from the Network various music, movies or games directly from the server, i.e. from any site, a forum or mail. But there are situations when on the Internet the required file is absent for any reasons:
- file rarity (movie, music, etc.),
- ban on free distribution (for example, the movie which only was released)
- or impossibility to download the file from a certain site in connection with its not working capacity.
In such situations to us the remarkable Torrent service through which it is possible to find practically any file necessary to us comes to the rescue. Whether it be rare music, recently appeared movie or any program, all this can be downloaded from "Torrent".
Such amazingly extensive faylokhranilishche it is provided, first of all, with users of the Torrent. In other words, "Torrent" — is the most extensive service of exchange of information between people on the Internet.
Every day by means of the Torrent of one thousand people share with each other programs worldwide, exchange fresh clients of games, transfer terabytes of music and video. And all this is absolutely free.
Wish to join the ranks of happy users Torrents? Everything is elementary, now we will teach.
What is the Torrent?
Within this article InfoAdvisor.net will tell about such service as "Torrent" (BitTorrent), will sort its structure and methods of use. Also we will begin, naturally, from the answer to the question "What Is the Torrent".
As it was already told above, the Torrent is a service for exchange of information between people on the Internet. If to go into details, the Torrent (BitTorrent) — it is special peer-to-peer (P2P) the network protocol which thought up and the American programmer Bram Cohen realized. The essence of an idea was such is that the transferred file is not loaded on the server, and directly transferred from the user to the user.
Also It should be noted that transfer of the file goes not only from the person, at which this file, but also from the people downloading it. I.e. for example, if you download the movie from the Torrent, at the same time from you the same movie and other users of the Torrent will download. And they, in turn, will distribute to other persons interested to receive this movie.
Speaking more simply, the Torrent represents a difficult web of file exchange. If the person had an interesting file and he decided to share it by means of the Torrent, most likely, in any hour - two it will be already at thousands of users, etc.
Many now guessed that with such deal copyright, naturally, anybody on Torrents does not observe. There it is easy to find cracks, keys of activation of any ON, various movies, even that only appeared in prokata and other delicacies. It, of course, is favorable to users and is the main advantage and incentive of exchange of information, than on other services.
How the Torrent works?!
Functions of the Torrent are carried out by means of the special sites servers, them still call — "Trackers", well or "BitTorrent Trackers". On the Internet of their one thousand the most various, some popular, some are less known. We have in the Runet their huge number, for every taste, even highly specialized, i.e., for example, only for movies or only for music, and also all is possible together, to choose to you. There are foreign Trackers, on them, respectively, files for foreign users, but the choice is, as a rule, much more extensive there.
As wrote above, the Torrent provides file exchange between users, passing the server. "So why servers of Trackers are necessary?", – you ask? Everything is elementary, Trackers serve, as habitats of users of the Torrent that people could find each other.
Also on the Tracker lists of files which can be downloaded, the description of these files, well and nicknames of users which can provide required files are stored. On saytakh-Trekerakh the statistics of downloadings, new receipts of files, the most popular downloadings, etc. is, as a rule, provided that, it is necessary to recognize, very much facilitates and does more convenient work with huge amount of information on the Tracker.
Exchange of information on the Tracker
The description of actions distributing, i.e. the person who wants to share the file (the movie, music, game, etc.):
- The person creates in the special Torrent file program. It becomes very simply: the file which the person wants to share is specified in the program, and the program in turn automatically creates the Torrent file. This file has the *.torrent expansion, very little, 200-300 kb usually weigh. It as if the conductor, through this Torrent file will shake the file necessary to us.
- The person comes on the Tracker, previously having registered on it, and spreads the Torrent file. Of course, spreads in the special category defining file type, for example, music – in musical archive, movies – in library of movies, etc. Gives the short description of the spread file, the size, etc. for users who will wish to download the file.
The description of actions of the person who wants to download the file (the movie, music, game, etc.):
- The person comes on the Tracker, also previously having registered on it, finds the file which interested him (it is possible search or in special categories into which all Tracker is divided) and downloads the Torrent file.
- Further, the person at himself on the computer starts this file by means of the program and starts downloading. At the same time automatically allows to download through itself the same file other person interested.
If to consider "Torrent file" is more detailed, it stores in itself(himself) very few information:
- the general information on the downloaded file;
- its checksum;
- and tracker URL.
Such file can extend somehow, on Trackers as in an example above, or even by mail, the difference is not present.
In general, in these elementary actions also there is all essence of the Torrent tracker.
The question arises, and why people spread movies, music and so forth, from inaction? Not absolutely so … it is simple at Torrent trackers there is such law if you do not allow to download another — that and itself will not be able to download anything.
At registration the limit on downloading is given, for example, it is possible to download gratuitously 500 Mb, and further if you does not share files with other users — it will be forbidden to download. But if you share, it is possible to swing on health.
What is the feasts and sida, and also other terms
It is important as on the Tracker these terms were already included into a slang and are used everywhere.
Sider is that person who has a file entirely.
Licher – the person who does not have so far all segments of the file, that is continuing downloading.
Feast – the person participating in distribution. Sometimes by "feasts" call only the downloading participants, neglecting distribution, and it is punishable.
Distribution – process of distribution of the file under the protocol at the Torrent tracker.
Segment – part of the file. Everything that is transferred, segmented separate, small by the size – the segments which right there are transferred to other users of the Torrent, persons interested to download the same files.
Rating – the relation given to downloaded. Watch this parameter if you swing much and to allow to download at itself a little, that is the risk to download in general.
Popular programs for work in torrent-networks
So, before working with Torrent trackers you need the special program. By means of it you will be able to create the Torrent files for distribution and to start them for downloading from Trackers.
There is a lot of them, at least, more than three tens therefore InfoAdvisor.net will consider the most popular of them:
- BitComet (www.bitcomet.com/), the most popular client with the convenient and friendly interface;
- µTorrent (www.utorrent.com/), in general, this client does not concede previous, too very known and widespread.
Registration of distribution and downloading through the Torrent
On the example of two above programs we will show ways of creation the Torrent files and downloading of files from the Tracker.BitComet
After the BitComet installation the window opens:
We come into the top Files tab, we choose "to Create the Torrent …".
The creation panel the Torrent file opened, explanations are applied on the image.
When the Torrent file was created, remove a task.
Further we spread the created Torrent the file on the Tracker, we make out distribution.
At different Torrent trackers registration of distributions is carried out differently, as a rule, it quite simply and is described in instructions for use of the Torrent.
Let's describe on the example of Torrents.ru. We create a new subject with the description of the file which we will spread (how to describe, it is told in rules of the Torrent) and we attach the Torrent file:
Now the laid-out Torrent file should be put on downloading in that folder where you have an original file.
Farther everything elementary, your program and the Tracker will check existence of the file, and you appear in Siderakh.µTorrent
We download the latest version µTorrent on the official site. In the same place, in the section "Download", we download the Language Pack file is an addition of the program for support of the Russian-speaking interface, InfoAdvisor.net advises it to download – with it to use the client much more conveniently. The file of russification of "utorrent.lng" weighs about 400 kb, we keep it in the folder with the program where there is a file of start of the program – utorrent.exe.
So, after installation the starting window of the program opens:
So, we create the Torrent file, for this purpose we enter the top File menu in the Create a New Torrent … tab.
The creation window the Torrent file opened. Whether we choose the file group of files for creation the Torrent file. We press "To create and keep".
It is necessary to confirm that you want to continue creation the Torrent file without indication of a tracker.
Everything, the Torrent file is kept at you on the computer. Further spread it on any tracker and people will be able to download your file(s).
If you want to download something from a tracker, simply download the corresponding Torrent file, the dialog box µTorrent will automatically open, there it is necessary to specify some nuances of downloading:
After confirmation of installations, the program right there will start downloading the file necessary for you.
Here such simple program, everything is elementary. Use.
On the Internet of Torrent trackers huge set, both Russian, and foreign, even highly specialized, example of the most widespread: torrents.ru – the most known Torrent tracker in Russia, exists not one year, everything is adjusted and it is the most convenient. We advise!
Look for, on any of combinations of inquiries further: "Torrent", "Tracker", "BitTorent" – searchers will issue you the most extensive list of trackers which you can use.
Advantages of work with the Torrent
Let's sum up all those pluses which the Torrent gives us:
- availability practically any necessary file which for some reason is absent in the Network in a free access;
- huge number of information, restrictedly, roughly speaking, only hard drives of users of Torrents, and their thousands;
- good speed of downloading (unlike obtaining files via the server) on the Torrent — the more people download, the speed is higher;
- the downloaded parts of the file (even the smallest) at once become available to other users of the Torrent;
- opportunity to share the information with many people: movies, games, music, programs and anything!
On it everything, can safely start use of the Torrent, swing terabytes of information and derive pleasure from availability of the freshest files on the Internet.
Progress to you!