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What tackles are necessary for fishing

When you gather for fishing, it is necessary not to forget to take with itself a set of important things, and, of course, among them tackles are the most important. Tackles happen the most different, they differ on a season, a place of catching and a species of fish. Each tackle deserves detailed consideration – what it and for what it is used.
When you gather for fishing, it is necessary not to forget to take with itself a set of important things, and, of course, among them tackles are the most important. Tackles happen the most different, they differ on a season, a place of catching and a species of fish. Each tackle deserves detailed consideration – what it and for what it is used.

Float rod

It is the most universal rod which is applied by most of fishermen. It is loved for simplicity and convenience in use. Such rod is used practically everywhere and always, except winter time. Therefore only the supplementing tackle changes.
The float rod, as well as any tackle, shares on part. In a case with a float-operated rod this fishing-rod, a scaffold, a float, a sinker, a lead and a hook.
The fishing-rod in itself has to be strong. Easy, well balanced and equipped with throughput rings.
Hooks. The hook plays very important role in fishing, after all fish has to be got on it. Besides, it has to and hold it, that is to be hardly noticeable and thus sharp and strong. Simply to check quality of a hook – try to unbend it hands. The good hook will spring.
At a hook choice on fishing it is necessary to consider a look and the size of a desired catch, after all fish will peck only on a hook of the suitable size:
  • hooks No. 1-3 are suitable for the smallest fish;
  • hooks No. 4-6 are intended for a vobla, a crucian, a bleak or the small bream;
  • hooks No. 7-10 are conceived for catching of the bream, a zherekh, a sazan, a carp;
  • hooks No. 10-15 will help when catching a pike perch, som and similar large fishes.
The scaffold also has to answer a number of requirements, after all it will be in close proximity to a hook. Incorrectly chosen or simply rejected scaffold can spoil all business. The scaffold has to be very strong, hardly noticeable in water, transparent and free of defects. Also it is necessary to check, whether rejected it – it has to have round section, to be uniform thickness on all length and to be smooth on a surface. Also susceptibility of a scaffold to rotting can be one of kinds of marriage.
The scaffold choice, as well as a hook, depends on the size and a species of fish, however, distinguish it on diameter:
  • to use diameter from 0,10 to 0,15 mm better for a small small fish;
  • diameter from 0,15 to 0,18 mm is used for a crucian, a perch, a ruff, a bleak;
  • diameter from 0,25 to 0,3 mm is used for catching of large individuals of the types stated above;
  • diameter from 0,35 to 0,4 mm is suitable for a pike perch, a sazan, a grass carp;
  • diameter from 0,5 to 1 mm is used for large fish – a silver carp, som, the man with a big mustache and large cupid.
In this hard business – fishing – plays a role even color of a scaffold. It is necessary to take a colourless, transparent scaffold in the afternoon, and here for night fishings let out dark blue, light brown and even a black scaffold. For catching in marshy or overgrown places the light green scaffold or simply green is recommended.
Coils. For a float-operated rod only two types of coils are usually used.
For catching of little fish – the small coil which gives it maneuverability and ease. These are coils on which the scaffold is reeled up manually and which fasten then to a fishing-rod.
And here for large fish other type of coils – bezinertsionny is used essentially. Such coils have a superficial internal surface of the spool and are intended especially for a pulling of large fish.
The lead too is of great importance. It does a hook with a bait less noticeable and sometimes the success of fishing depends on it. Also it protects a scaffold from break and distributes loading evenly if large fish or a hook got was hooked for something. Length of a lead should be counted depending on catching conditions – depths, currents and so on. For float-operated rods leads about 20-25 centimeters long usually become. Scaffold thickness for a lead has to be thinner than the main scaffold on 0,10 mm.
Sinker. Everyone chooses sinkers on the taste and does of the most various materials. But the most popular sinker is the lead pellet which can be clamped simply fingers round a scaffold. Weight can be regulated, adding or removing any quantity of pellets. Besides, pellets have the different weight which is usually specified on the pellet. Sinkers in the form of a small stalk or a spindle are also very popular.
Float. Floats are thought up to hold a hook at the necessary depth and also that the fisherman could see where there is a hook. Floats also differ by the size of fish for whom hunt.
For the smallest fish the smallest and easy floats are used, respectively. Use it at a small depth, usually at the coast. With such floats usually use a fishing-rod from 2 to 4 meters and catch a bleak, a perch, small fry and other similar fish.
For quiet water use floats with the smallest area on a water surface and the smallest resilience. Catch with their help of a perch, crucian, small fry or the bream.
Floats in the form of barrels as are very steady best of all are suitable for catching on a current and are suitable for any equipment.
For distant having thrown special floats are used. They possess sufficient weight and are fixed on tackle. Usually they are used together with the bezinertsionny coil.
Floats for catching on the live bait look, as bochechka. They are created to hold the live bait and not to frighten future catch.


These are already more sports rods. They rather difficult in use and therefore are considered as the almost professional. They are applied only to catching of predatory fish on a moving bait. Spinnings consist of different tackles which we now will consider.
Fishing-rod. Big loading at each zabros therefore it has to be easy, strong and flexible is the share of a fishing-rod. The fishing-rod handle as to it will be is of great importance the coil fastens. They happen different types:
usual cylindrical handle – for open, half-closed and multicoils;
special saddle handle – for the closed and multiplicatory (multicoils).
On length of a fishing-rod share on one-manual and two-handled. One-manual fishing-rods from 1,6 to 2,1 meters long are also used either in boats, or on limited spaces. Two-handled spinnings have length from 2,7 to 3,2 meters and are used for catching from the coast or for catching of large fish.
Throughput rings are responsible for good sliding of a scaffold and therefore have to be smooth, easy, the correct form and well balanced.
Katushkoderzhateli is responsible for fixing and a site of the coil. There are they two types: screw which are fixed on the fishing-rod handle, and mobile which consist of two freely fastening rings.
Coils. Inertial coils rather cheap and thus very reliable and sensitive, despite simplicity. Bezinertsionny coils differ from usual in the motionless spool. That is the spinner in flight simply pulls together a scaffold, allowing to use both heavy, and easy spinners. Also in these coils there is a special frictional device which prevents ruptures of a scaffold and a stopper of the return scrolling.
Sinker. For spinnings the sinker is not obligatory part. It is used only when a bait too easy. The sinker for a spinning has to have only one feature – the center of gravity has to be below fastening ears.
The scaffold for a spinning has to be synthetic.
The lead has to be thin, strong, elastic, transparent and should not twist. For a one-manual spinning the lead will be from 45 to 70 centimeters long, for two-handled – about 70 cm.
Hooks for a spinning submit to the same classification, as hooks for float-operated rods.

Ground rods

They are applied to many species of fish and in many places. And as well as the others, share on tackle.
Udilnik is usually wooden rod about a meter long. For the end of a rod the eyelet from a scaffold snatches. Also in this role it is possible to use a fishing-rod from a spinning, in some options – with the coil.
The scaffold is taken, as a rule, more long and more thickly, after all it has to sustain large fish. Usually scaffold length for a ground rod makes 30-40 meters, and thickness from 0,3 to 0,5 mm.
Sinkers. Easy sinkers usually use for catching in reservoirs with a weak current, heavy – for a flat bottom. The sinker roundish, pear-shaped or conic is suitable for an oozy, stony bottom. For a strong current, especially, if the sandy bottom, will approach a flat sinker. And "Vanka-vstanka" will be suitable for marshy reservoirs.
Leads. Length of leads has to be from 10 to 50 cm, and thickness has to make a half of thickness of the main scaffold. Main secret: the lead is shorter, the less it twists.
It is better to hang up hooks on a ground rod on 2-3, so the catch will be better. But I do not advise readers of at all to do – to hang up "greedy person" on 8-9 hooks, it will only reduce efficiency. At a choice of a hook rely on its sharpness – the more sharply a hook, the better. The size of a hook gets out according to the size of fish.
Witness marks. It usually hand bells or other type of signaling devices about a poklevka. On the end of a rod the hand bell is put, and other end is clamped round a scaffold.
Floats. If fish lives in headwater, the emerging floats undertake. If ground, underwater. And if there is an active fishing, floats have to be sliding.


Here is how time a flyfishing is also used for fishing on a water surface. Such tackle can be used under any conditions.
Fishing-rod. As well as spinningovy fishing-rods, they share on one-manual and two-handled. One-manual fishing-rods usually from 2,1 to 3 m in length, and two-handled – from 4,7 to 5,5 meters. Throughput rings have to be most easy.
Coils. The coil gets out the simplest, without frills, usually inertial here. But it solves everyone in own way.
Scaffold. It is necessary to approach a choice of a scaffold more attentively – a lot of things depend on it. Are recognized the best wattled or twisted from scaffold silk. Diameter such lesok fluctuates from 0,3 to 1 mm. For more exact zabros it is possible to choose a conical scaffold – one - or two-conical. Two-conical in practice is more convenient.
Leads. The lead has to be strong and it is desirable waterproof that it did not sink. Ideal length for a lead – about 1,5 meters. For the best buoyancy it is possible to rub it with goose or duck fat.
Hooks. For fishing special hooks with a spring for capture of a bait – various insects exist a flyfishing. The best size is considered 5-7. There can be also hooks with artificial nozzles in the form of insects.
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