If where you live, there is a winter to snow, and you, enjoying viewing of cross-country skiing skating on the TV, dream to learn it – this article is written for you.
The child wishing to learn to go by skis can be sent to ski section – but sections for adults are practically not present! And if there is a strong wish? Then the ridge route is necessary (be convinced that such is available nearby; it is laid by special cars), ski equipment and, the main thing, desire! Desire to learn to go skating.
Absolutely slightly stories. Classical style of driving in modern option (with two sticks on a ski track) appeared approximately in 1850, and century this style was the only thing. In the 1960th when there were cars for making of a ski track, skiers on trainings began to experiment alternate pushing away by the right and left foot – and found out that so it turns out quicker! And since 1988 skating stride became part of the Olympic Games.
So, the ridge route is found! Now it is necessary to get equipment are , a stick, . If you are sure that will ride, and there are no problems with finance – better to buy all this at once. Or it is possible to borrow in hire / from acquaintances, and to buy later when you are sure that skating stride is for you!
We will talk about an equipment choice later, for now – information minimum. It is especially useful it can appear that who takes skis in hire (in shop always there will be a manager at whom it is possible to receive answers to questions, and in hire of such expert can not be).
Ridge ski. Its main visual features are the rounded-off sock and existence of the edging on lateral surfaces of a ski. If not new – check skis, whether is not present on edgings of jags or roughnesses. Also it makes sense to check and pick up the necessary rigidity of skis. Ridge skis more "rigid" in comparison with the classical. There is rather easy way of selection of skis for rigidity: skis are put on a firm surface, future skier gets up on them (if not new and with fastenings – it is even simpler than a ski: it is not necessary to look for the center of gravity). Further body weight is transferred to one foot, and the skier stands up on a sock, imitating pushing away. In this situation the ski for "classics" has to be pressed completely through, and here the ridge ski and in this situation has to keep a gap 30-40 cm long. If the gap is more, softer skis if it is less – more rigid are necessary. Though ideal selection for rigidity is also not so important for the first occupations, but also absolutely improper skis should not be taken.
To sticks (except suitable length) special requirements are not present, but it is better that they had reliable fastening with adjustment on a wrist (as on a photo). Such sticks cannot be dropped during driving. And considering that are usually necessary to the beginner of a stick not only for a push, but also for balance maintenance, reliable fastening of a stick on a wrist can prevent falling.
Ridge skis are skis with a plastic surface of driving. If you never rode such skis, consider that they slippery (!), and sliding is possible both forward, and back!
We at a skiing run, put on skis. We choose for this purpose (as far as possible) a surface without biases. It is easy to put on the first ski as we have a point of support – the second foot reliably costs on snow. And in attempt to put on the second ski there can be a problem in the form of the gone first ski "somewhere". Therefore so far there is no skill, before putting on of the second ski "are fixed" by the ski stick thrust during snow. We hold with one hand a stick, the second we fasten fastening of a ski.
Well, went? The site of the ridge route with a small bias (with small, not a hill best of all will be suitable for the first occupations!). It will allow to support movement speed even then when the push is not fulfilled yet.
Distinguish such options of skating stride:
- the semi-ridge simultaneous;
- ridge without pushing away by hands (without sticks);
- simultaneous dvukhshazhny;
- simultaneous odnoshazhny;
- the alternate.
The last two are too difficult for beginners, and we will not speak about them.
And the first three quite will be suitable beginners for working off of equipment.Semi-skating stride.
One ski slides on a ski track, and the second (jog) the skier makes a start at an angle with simultaneous pushing away by hands. It is the idle time both the economic course, and balance simplest here to keep – but both the ridge route, and the laid ski track on it is necessary. If such route is, it is possible to start riding! At such way of driving loading is the share of feet uneven therefore periodically change a take-off foot (right on a ski track, left jog and vice versa).
If with the first option "it did not develop" because of lack of the route from ski tracks (or you already mastered it), we pass to the simultaneous dvukhshazhny course
(the so-called course "under one foot" when the skier does two slidings and one pushing away). For example, we ride "under the right foot". We take out the right foot forward at an angle, the body "goes" in the same direction (the center of gravity should not be between skis!). We make a start sticks, doing hire on the internal edging of the right foot. We put on snow left also at an angle (skis at us have to be "fir-tree") and we do on it long hire (the right foot after a push from snow is torn off, and weight now on the left foot!). After the end of sliding on the left foot we put sticks and we are pushed in the direction of advance of the right foot. And went – under a push the right ski pushing away by hands, then sliding on the left ski. It turns out? Good fellows!!!
Sometimes (especially at those who got used to ride "classics") when training in the dvukhshazhny course the unpleasant mistake meets – sticks are put on snow too closely to each other, and one of sticks appears between skis. I.e. if you go "under the right foot" – bent to the right, put sticks for a push, but thus the left stick can appear not behind the left ski, and between skis. Unfortunately, thus you will hardly manage to avoid falling.Skating stride without pushing away
(without sticks) is possible both with moves hands, and without them. This way is most of all similar to the movements of the skater and, probably, best of all trains both a push and the coordinated work of feet, and sense of equilibrium. It is desirable to begin training with this type of skating stride. It is necessary to make a start a heel, but not a sock, and sideways, but not back, and to try to sweep on a ski as it is possible further. If sticks at you with themselves, hold them horizontally edges back! When driving with moves of a stick hold in hand, and without moves – often clamp armpits.
Weight has to be on a supporting leg! At each ridge step weight has to move from one foot on another. It is important both for balance preservation, and for good sliding. The take-off foot is bent before a push and becomes straight after it. It is not necessary to ride halfbent feet! Also it is not necessary to go with the direct case.
It is necessary to be able to ride with a different corner of a divergence of socks of skis as the route in some places can have natural narrowing and it is necessary to be able "to fit" into it. Too wide corner on the narrow route can lead to that the ski tip will stick in snow, and it can end with falling. And general rule: the more speed, the is less corner of a divergence of skis and the hire is longer; on rise the corner is more, and on descent – it is less.
It is simplest to pass turn on the plain semi-skating: on a "internal" foot we go, "external" we make a start at an angle. If it is necessary to turn on descent, we do not forget that our skis have edgings! They, of course, not such as on mountain skiing, and they need to be protected. But if a slope rather "soft", it is possible to turn and on edgings: we get up on two right (or on two left) the edging and smoothly we change the direction of the movement. It is possible to be trained on a good flat hill – suddenly it is useful?
If three previous skating strides are mastered, it is possible to try to master ridge odnoshazhny (one sliding – one pushing away by hands, the so-called course "under everyone"). Learn to ride sites with descents, with small rises, turns, increase length of the passable route and increase skill!
Information for women! When driving with "fad" muscles of internal and external part of a hip that will help to clean "riding breeches" actively work and to return a tone of internal area of hips. That it is better: hour on the exercise machine or skiing in the wood or park? Besides driving by "fad" – very power-intensive sport. Regular driving "will imperceptibly clean" extra kilos.
Many, having started riding "fad", understand, as muscles for a good push are not enough for them, and with balance of a problem. It is not necessary to despair it it is reparable! Some exercises which will help to cope with difficulties are given below.
Balance it is possible to train practically in any way: for example, to do "swallow", , standing on one foot. Especially it helps, if a hoop heavy (so-called an abuse-hup). If you , do long arches on an internal edge of the fad serially on right, then on the left foot.
Useful exercise – lateral jumps on two feet. Mentally choose an axis and jump a zigzag forward-to the right, then forward-to the left. If you feel sorry for neighbors from below, this exercise can be done on a footpath in park when snow descends.
Jumps from a foot on a foot with lateral pushing out. It is best of all to do this exercise on a grass (we receive sliding imitation). Also this exercise is recommended to be done with dispensing of lateral movements.
Good training of both muscles, and balance – jumps a zigzag in the situation "squating" and knee-bend on one foot.
If there are problems with coordination (inconsistency of movements of hands and feet), any exercises on imitation of movements will be useful: step, hopping, with sliding, pushing away and so forth.
We choose equipmentSkis
for skating stride are selected on a formula "Growth + 10-15 Cm". The dispersion in 5 cm is connected with selection of skis for rigidity depending on the weight of the skier and concrete model of skis. Than weight is more – the big rigidity is necessary and the skis are longer. It is known that about 60% of the sliding properties of a ski are defined by a deflection (i.e. rigidity), 20% – material and a condition of the sliding surface of skis, and another 20% – preparation of skis (greasing). Therefore first of all skis select for rigidity!
If you are at a loss in a choice between two models, consider that for beginners of a ski softer are recommended (within limits) since on them it is simpler to make a start. If it is difficult to choose between two skis of one rigidity, but different length – it is simpler to ride shorter, but speed will be a little lower.
All ridge skis have the sliding surface from different types of plastic, and here "stuffing" can be made on different technologies and of different materials that influences both the price, and quality. It just those 20% of sliding – a choice for you!Sticks
for "fad" are selected on a formula "Growth — 20 Cm". That have to fasten conveniently on a wrist, we already spoke. Aluminum, fibreglass and a coal plastic (carbon fabrics) is generally applied to sticks. Sticks from fibreglass – the cheapest and the most fragile. They can break even at a strong push that, perhaps, will lead to falling. Aluminum sticks are also not too expensive, and it is quite good option! The best (easy and strong), but also the most expensive – sticks from carbon fabrics. It is also possible to meet composite ski sticks from carbon fabrics and fibreglass. If they suit you at the price, it is possible to buy (the more the content of carbon fabrics, the better)!Fastenings
happen two systems: SNS and NNN (and its version NIS). It is possible to get fastenings of any system, but consider that ski boots have to be the same system! By the way, practically all sports shops (upon simultaneous purchase of skis and fastenings) put fastenings on skis free of charge. It is better not to be engaged in independent installation of fastenings – not such this simple business: correct centering and other …
It is best of all to buy ski boots
"for skating stride". Or, if buy universal, choose model with a high ankle. We after all it will be pushed sideways – means, it is necessary to protect ankles! And for the rest … choose beautiful, warm, convenient, and do not forget about an abbreviation of NNN and SNS.
Some words about care of skis
The sliding surface of skis needs regular leaving. It improves the sliding qualities (another 20%) and prolongs the term of operation of skis. We need paraffin (it happens all-weather or sets from brusochok of different flowers on weather), a plastic scraper (it is possible to replace with a usual ruler) and the iron. The special iron – a thing good, but expensive. Some skiers use ordinary household irons, but there is a risk to burn the sliding surface as special irons maintain the constant temperature of a sole, and household – only in the certain range.
And everything is farther simply. We apply paraffin on the sliding surface of skis, we melt it the iron, then we remove superfluous a scraper. We do not forget to enclose under skis something (for example, the newspaper) – paraffin crumbs piece opposite in respect of the subsequent cleaning! On ridge skis paraffin is applied on all sliding surface. 10 minutes – and our skis are ready and wait for us! InfoAdvisor.net hopes that you successfully master technology of skating stride and derive pleasure from ski walks!