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How to choose the digital camera

If you are overcome by thoughts of it, at once will tell that purchase of the digital camera, most likely, will not disappoint you since it is a thing useful, necessary and very convenient. And this equipment became quite available now because when only there were digital cameras, to get them was almost unreal because of the fabulous prices.
If you are overcome by thoughts of it, at once will tell that purchase of the digital camera, most likely, will not disappoint you since it is a thing useful, necessary and very convenient. And this equipment became quite available now because when only there were digital cameras, to get them was almost unreal because of the fabulous prices.

Purchase purpose

And for what you need the camera? At first sight trivial question, but in practice depends on answers to it a lot of things. Actually, the camera choice is also based on what purposes will be carried out by the acquired photoequipment.
I dare to assume that in 90% of cases, and even it is more, the camera is bought for "household" needs. What does it mean? And means it that will photograph such device mainly at home, at work various holidays and actions. And here the private of "soap tray" will be enough for you for eyes. If you want to be engaged in the photo more than at the amateur level, often go to tours, quite perhaps, you already need the device become serious.
And in what a difference between "soap tray" and more serious device?
"Soap tray" not for nothing received the name from household goods – it in a form and the sizes reminds the subject of the same name. But at all the comfortableness, has modest opportunities. The "big" device has classical configuration, it is, as a rule, heavier than the bigger size, but is more functional.
Цифровой фотоаппарат Nikon F55
But about everything one after another.
Of course, the crucial role is played, in most cases, by the budget of purchase, in other words – the sum of money which is available on hands. It reduces a choice. And, the budget is less, the it is simpler to choose since the quantity of the models falling under the necessary sum decreases.
Further we make a start from for what you need the camera. If as it was told above, only for "household" shooting, "soap tray" is most that. Thus you will save the considerable sum of money, receive quite adequate and compact device. Compactness property very convenient. It is easy to transfer such camera, it is located everywhere and not strongly burdens when transporting.
Of course, he does not shine with high quality, but in most cases it is quite enough its functions and quality for daily shooting. By the way, at a choice of digital "soap tray" of advises not to give in on a marketing step and to fall into euphoria from number of megapixels. Them can be as much as necessary! The number of megapixels defines resolution of a matrix of a CCD (the device with charging communication), i.e. a sensitive element of a chamber (analog of a film). Whereas crucial importance for the camera has after all a lens. And to demand from the lens "soap trays" of smart parameters, at least, silly. Because cannot, at best, a three-lens lens with so small diameter of lenses provide high quality. And the matrix, even with identical number of megapixels, on "soap tray" significantly concedes in the parameters to "the senior colleagues".
If you closely decided to be engaged in the photo, plan to go often on vacation in tours, you will not be prevented by the "big" device. Its bulkiness, weight and high price are compensated by high quality of pictures and more ample opportunities when shooting.
And how in general quality affects? If you print a photo only of a format 10*15, you will not notice distinctions. But at the press of a format 15*22 and more, the difference will be noticeable rather distinctly. It both deterioration of sharpness (clearness) and emergence of noise (artifacts in the form of color points), and some "zamylennost" of the image in pictures "soap tray".
It happens and so that it is more convenient to have two digital cameras – both "big", and "soap tray". Then your opportunities are almost boundless. I will repeat: compactness and mobility of "soap tray" is irreplaceable.

Campaign in shop

Well, you decided on a choice of "weight category" of a chamber. And what further? And further it is possible to go to shop safely. Business is reduced to that is in what shop here? In photoequipment all who feel like it trade – both booths of cellular communication, and electronics supermarkets (and not only), and specialized shops. It will be more correct to bypass a set of such points. To compare the range and the prices. But the preference after all should be given the last – specialized shops. Why? And here, esteem!
It is known that the price after all does not solve all problems, and if you found the same goods cheaper, do not hurry to rejoice. There can be various options. Or the shop has a big turn of goods and the checked reputation, or in it try to deceive, having enticed low prices. Deception can be a miscellaneous. Or it is short-lived firm, or goods, simply speaking, rejected or outdate. Or it is imported according to the illegal scheme, etc., etc. And can happen and so that the guarantee on goods in such unfortunate firms is very conditional and if something happens (God forbid), you will achieve nothing. And, if the firm bursts, …
And to ignore a guarantee, in a pursuit of low price, on so difficult technique is not necessary. Repair at own expense can pour out in a lump sum.
So, for tsifroviky only in solid shops! In what plus specialized shops? That there and a choice much more will also consult you there where it is better, than "universal" sellers of supermarkets. And the prices are, as a rule, quite acceptable since the firm is engaged in a narrow range of goods.

How to choose the digital camera

On counters sea of kinds of digital cameras of various producers. But, despite it, the range of the given opportunities is approximately identical at all chambers of one "weight" category. Thus it is impossible to tell that "soap tray" of NIKON is much better than SAMSUNG'a. They approximately at one level, and the choice of a brand lays down on your taste. Especially as practically all are issued household (is also professional) "soap trays" in Celestial Empire, i.e. in China. But, if you decided to get the device become serious, it is better to choose the known and checked brands: NIKON (does only cameras, what well to eat); CANON, OLYMPUS, SONY, Panasonic, etc. Some "big" devices, for example, still can be met SONY R-1 Japanese production that guarantees high quality.
And here is how to define which to take? For this purpose let's approach closer a show-window and we will read price tags. By the way, will not prevent to take you with itself a small notebook and a pencil is will simplify comparison in different shops.
And what write there? And approximately same. It is not difficult to guess that in heading the name and type (model) of the camera appears. It is practically not interesting to you. Unless you write down the pleasant model, and then on the Internet, for example, look at more detailed description and responses.
Sometimes it happens and so that further there is already a price – this all. It is not really good since reduces a choice and speaks about negligence of firm to the buyer. You after all will not begin to ask the seller on all models which attracted at the price – on it a lot of time will leave. It is better to avoid purchase in such cases.
But, if after all the price tag contains the short description, on it, as a rule, it is possible to find the following information.

Serves for obtaining the sharp image on a matrix. Contains the name, type (model), and also range of focal lengths (if it is a zoom-lens) or concrete value otherwise. Also the range of values of a svetosila for zoom-lenses since depending on focal length the svetosila changes is specified.
The lens is the most expensive detail of the device and so difficult therefore in more detail will in detail consider this device in the article "Lens Choice for the Camera".

It is intended for transformation of the optical image projected on it by a lens to a digital signal.
Here sometimes its type is specified. CCD (CCD) – the device with charging communication. Is outdated type where reading of a signal is made to the similarly electron beam tube (EBT) – consistently from left to right and from top to down. Sensitive elements are silicon photo diodes. Naturally, parameters are far from an ideal. "Soap trays" are equipped with this type of matrixes.
CMOS (KMOP, silicon-metaloksidny the semiconductor) is an analog of random access memory of your computer where reading can come from any place, it is enough set number of a column and a line number only. The amplifier of reading has each pixel here. Parameters of such matrixes considerably surpass the above type. They complete the "senior" models.
Live-MOS – is executed on the basis of MOP (the metaloksidny semiconductor), has smaller number of connections for one pixel and demands smaller supply voltage that reduces energy consumption and allocation of warmth. Such configuration allows to receive more "live" image without an overheat peculiar to the above-stated types of matrixes and increase of level of noise.
Further there is actually permission in MPix (megapixels), and also sometimes write the geometrical size. By the way, the more the geometrical size at equal number of MPix, the better. Naturally, at increase in number of megapixels quality will increase (with earlier specified reservation).
Of course, if the choice fell on nonprofessional (or not on the most expensive of household) "soap tray", you should be content CCD with a matrix. But in it there is no big trouble since it will carry out the duties quite regularly. Also can even happen so that you will not feel its shortcomings. If you chose the "big" device, give preference of CMOS to a matrix.
That regarding number of megapixels, quite tolerable pictures can be received at their number 5 and more. Otherwise, shooting will have technical character because will not allow to print a photo more than 10*15 (quality will be very mediocre).

The view-finder is a system of a choice of object(s) of photography. And them, at all complexity of equipment, only four look: The LCD display (liquid crystal – LCD); electronic EVF (electronic view-finder), optical parallax and mirror view-finders. The type of the view-finder does not influence directly quality of a picture, but, nevertheless, its value in the course of obtaining good photos is rather great. In modern cameras almost all models have the LCD display, it can be both in proud loneliness, and in combination with other types: LCD+EVF and Lcd+optichesky.
So, at present almost all digital cameras are supplied with LCD. Such decision has the both pluses, and minuses. The display demands background illumination without which it will work, but the user will not be able to see anything. Therefore apply illumination by light-emitting diodes. If illumination is rather weak, the display "grows blind" at intensive external lighting. At more expensive devices displays with more powerful illumination and they allow to see the picture on them practically at any external lighting (even on the sun). But it causes their high electricity consumption. Of course, in serious devices there is a possibility of brightness control of illumination that is very pleasant. As a rule, it is designated so: "Display: Dark; Normal; Bright".
Pay attention that there are motionless (built-in) displays, and there are also mobile. The last allow to change their situation that happens conveniently when shooting at an angle or from above (from below) and to reduce the level of noise (hindrances).
There is a standard number of the sizes of the display on a diagonal: 1,5"; 1,8"; 2,0"; 2,5". It would seem, the more the size, the better. But this statement is right only partly. Actually, it is visible on the bigger display better, its permission is, as a rule, higher, but also energy consumption too is higher. Though displays less than 1,8" should not be taken into account since to see something on such display it will be problematic. Besides, if you more advanced photographer, it is difficult to use such display.
Just the EVF view-finder will be suitable for this purpose. It is analog of the view-finder of ordinary "reflex camera" (about it below), only there are neither pentaprizm, nor mirrors, but the sense remains similar. In such view-finder of eyes it is put to a special window eyepiece where only the display is visible.
В таком видоискателе глаз прикладывается к специальному окошку-окуляру, где виден только дисплей
It is deprived of "dazzle", and on it it will be visible always. One more advantage of EVF that it has the display of much more smaller sizes, than the display on the back party of the case, and increase occurs at the expense of the optical system of the view-finder supplied with system of correction of sight of the photographer. The small size of the display conducts to considerable decrease in energy consumption and noise.
But these two types of view-finders have the same shortcoming – a display lag effect. It is caused by that information on the display cannot instantly be updated. Especially, it has to be read out from a matrix.
Optical view-finders have no the given shortcomings because have no power supply at all. The parallax view-finder – if you remember the Change camera or usual film "soap tray", here such view-finder and means. It is simple and reliable, but too has, nevertheless, shortcomings. First, such view-finder "cuts off" 20% a field of your sight (i.e. the real shot will turn out 20% more). Thus something will leave a field of vision when shooting and will appear on a ready print. Secondly, does not allow to estimate correctness of focusing.
Well, here we approached what means – "reflex camera"? It is system of realization of the view-finder through the difficult system consisting of eyepieces, pentaprizm (a pentagonal prism), mirrors with the drive and the lens. The image created by a lens is transmitted through these elements in a view-finder eyepiece. That did not stir a mirror (it shades a matrix or a film), it for the period of exhibiting (descent of a lock) is podymat by the drive that generates a characteristic sound of a lock. If you attentively read, you noticed the word "matrix" there. It would seem, the typographical error left. No, there are also tsifrovik - "reflex cameras", but they are more expensive since the mechanism becomes complicated.
Pluses: lack of energy consumption by the view-finder and hindrances; lack of a lag effect (for professionals it is turning point); real display (without distortions).
But there are also minuses: complexity of a design and its rise in price; decrease in reliability; emergence of reaction of the camera to mirror cotton (the case twitches in the vertical direction a little).
It should be noted that one of essential advantages of mirror cameras consists in opportunity to change optics, but to this question will also pay separate attention in article devoted to lenses.

Shooting modes
If you used a film chamber, that, I think, they to you are known.
Режимы съемки цифрового фотоаппарата
As a rule, everywhere there is a Car mode – completely automatic shooting, and also the modes "Sport", "Portrait", "Landscape", etc. Purpose of these modes clearly whereas there is, for example, a shooting mode with a diaphragm priority. As such to use, it will be told in one of the following articles.

Memory cards
These are the built-in or removable (replaceable) devices for record and storage of the finished shooting material. As you likely guessed, it and is digital "film". The majority of digital cameras has the simplest memory – built-in. It, as a rule, has the size of 32 MB that significantly limits your opportunities since at high quality, the quantity of the written-down photos will be very little and the speed of its work is far from perfect. Therefore it is better to choose the device with possibility of use of replaceable data carriers. Then you will be able, having in a stock N-number of memory cards, to remove as much as necessary. It is extremely actual on distant trips. Only buying additional cards, pay attention that they different standards. Consult with the seller which will approach this device (in expensive cameras some map of different standards, in digital "soap trays" – usually one is supported at the same time).
Карты памяти
Are most widespread: SD (one of the most available for today); CardFlash; Memory Stick Duo. And how to choose a memory card is a subject of separate article.

Needless to say that tsifrovik, unlike grandfather's "ZENITH", demands power supply. For this purpose various power supplies are used.
The majority of inexpensive digital cameras eats from two "AA" batteries, in common people – finger-type. Not so expensive it seems only at first sight. The matter is that "eats" tsifrovik quite a lot, much more, than a similar film chamber. And you should care of purchase of new batteries rather often.
In devices become serious accumulators are used. Now only Li-ion (lithium - ion) elements are applied. Without going into details I will tell that this type of accumulators allows a subcharge since any moment since there is no "an effect of memory" which compelled to wait for the full category. However it is necessary to charge accumulators up to the end.
В большинстве цифровых фотоаппаратов для питания используются аккумуляторы
To use accumulators extremely conveniently since it is not required frequent campaigns in shop behind batteries, manipulations with their installation. However means rather long charge that does the device unsuitable to use during a charge. Besides, when aging the accumulator when its replacement is required, you rather strongly are surprised to its price. Especially, if to you the device of the untwisted brand attracted. Plus to it, with an accumulator old age, its capacity falls that reduces device operating time.
If the first shortcoming it is possible to avoid purchase of the second accumulator, on the second question to solve to you. Perhaps, on failure of the accumulator, and the device will fail, or it will not be lovely to you any more, and you want to buy the new – as the nobility. But I would choose with the accumulator, though the device will cost then dearer.

Will not prevent to take an interest in completeness. Though in most cases at digital "soap trays" it means existence: packing (container), the device, the accumulator if this type of food is used, then also the charger, an USB cable for connection to the personal computer. Amateur devices may contain in a set as well a video cable since have function of shooting of video. But it is not necessary to lay great expectations in this plan since you do not receive video in high quality and the acceptable duration.
Also transfer of advantages and advantages of the camera on the price tag, of course, comes to the end with the price. Though it was more logical to be written at the beginning, after the name.
Here, at last, obegav all shops, having received the necessary information (the prices and the range), having spoiled records the notebook, you found that it is necessary for you. Here it, digital camera of your dream! But on it the choice does not come to an end yet.

Let's carry out test drive

I so think that as a result of a heavy choice you looked after not one model, but at least two. Therefore further heart to heart talks with the seller are coming you. And where to disappear, back the road is already not present! Persistently ask the seller to show all attracted models, and it is desirable in a complete set since at identical opportunities, quality and the price any exhibit can have smarter complete set. But before viewing, I want to give to you good advice: never take equipment from a show-window, and also from hands! Here, as they say, God helps those who help themselves. One awkward movement and the device already on a floor. And why to you excess problems?
Comparing various models, estimate their ergonomics as conveniently they lie in hands, governing bodies as accurately they work are how conveniently located. And that all individually. That is convenient to one, to you can seem to the inconvenient.
Try to take a picture, and then analyse, whether arranges it you for such price. Proceeding from it, you will be able to be defined, what device from attracted to you most of all approaches. And can look also at more expensive copy. Suddenly you solve what exactly it also is necessary to you, and is better to buy nothing so far, and to save. Or perhaps on the contrary, you will understand that you quite accept more budgetary option and there is no need to pay more.
Consider that more untwisted brands at equal opportunities are more expensive, but here to solve to you. It should be noted that these brands, as a rule, value the reputation and it can appear so that quality of their products is higher.
Besides, it is necessary to look where the device is made. I more than am sure that "not our Made in" will be written, but the preference should be given to Japanese (Made in Japan) works though it is a little of them, and among "soap trays" is not present absolutely.
При выборе фотоаппарата предпочтение нужно отдавать по возможности японской а не китайской сборке
Quality of products from Celestial Empire unstably, as well as at domestic goods, and leaves much to be desired, refusals meet rather often. I did not begin to buy domestic photoequipment: it is bad ergonomics, so bad plastic and other materials (including lenses), modest functionality and unpredictable quality.
Then we pass to the most interesting – we include. Here the seller can speak supposedly batteries is not present as much as necessary, or the accumulator sat down, but these are its problems. The accumulator it is possible "to encourage" in 2-3 minutes of recharge, it will be enough for check. If batteries are necessary, they, as a rule, are available in such shops. Cannot refuse to you their purchase. So recommends to insist on check by inclusion, it will relieve you of excess problems.
After inclusion, check correctness of operation. Make shooting in the Car mode. Look, at least on the display, on result. When viewing pay attention to number (name) of a shot (file). It has to be with a large number of zero in the beginning. If the figure is great, to them already removed since the figure and shows, how many shots were finished shooting.
При просмотре обратите внимание на номер (имя) кадра (файла). Он должен быть с большим количеством нулей вначале. Если цифра велика, то им уже снимали, т.к. цифра и показывает, сколько кадров было отснято.
Ah yes, forgot! Even before inclusion look at the display. It has to be equal, pure (free of defects) and black. If it mobile, check how it moves. Then consider it closer, being included. The picture at a look directly has to be accurate, contrast and in the correct color scale. The new display has to shine everything, i.e. not have beaten pixels. Now close a lens a cover (if is) or cover densely (but without touching a lens) with a palm. The display will become dark. Look, whether there are no the dying-away pixels, they look as color points.
All governing bodies have to join and be switched off accurately, as at slow and uncertain impact on them, and at sharp and sure. They should not dangle, but also should not jam. As a rule, at their switching characteristic click has to be clearly audible.
When shooting check, whether flash works. If you chose model "is more senior", there, most likely, flash - "frog" who has to freely and with click, and the most important, absolutely itself to jump out. She is moved away back already manually. It has to do it accurately, without excess efforts and at any speed of impact on it.
Here you chose for yourself the digital camera and even decided it to buy, but after all it is not necessary to hurry, there is more to come. Now you needed only to check everything.

First try, then trust.

If you for yourself resolved – "To Bør!", safely declare the intention to the seller. And, if there is such opportunity, it is better to consider (in respect of purchase) not a showcase exhibit which can be a little (or much as the nobility) poyuzany.
Here survey and check regarding detection of defects is necessary to you. And here, as it approximately looks.
At first we watch packing (container).
Упаковка цифрового фотоаппарата должна быть чистая и без механических дефектов
It has to be pure and without mechanical defects. Though at first sight integrity of a box has no crucial importance, but it not so. If the box is damaged then, and the device was exposed to blows. And as it will affect – it is not known therefore it is better to be reinsured.
Esteem as as it is written on a box, even if it is written not in Russian. The text and graphics have to be accurate and juicy. Has to be present: description of goods; short characteristics or advantages; bar code; address of the producer, and also place of the actual production. Addresses of the producer and production can, and, as a rule, and do not coincide when it is made according to the license.
Further we check completeness. For what we open the enclosed maintenance instruction (at solid firms is a book) and we look that is included in the package. Then all accessories it is examined. If survey of an USB cable, for example, does not make problems, on survey of the most important – the device, there can be questions.
Attentively and scrupulously examine camera details. On the case there should not be scratches, attritions, and especially – cracks.
Further pay attention to the first lens. Its surface has an enlightenment. If at sufficient lighting to look at it at an angle, you will see color patches of light.
Если при достаточном освещении посмотреть на линзу фотоаппарата под углом, то вы увидите цветные блики
They can be bluish, greenish or brownish. Be not frightened, it not marriage! It is also an enlightenment which serves for reduction of reflection of light from a lens surface. However you can not see such patches of light, then it means that the lens plastic and about durability of the speech does not go (but is cheaper).
Further we try to consider a lens body (if interchangeable lens, it is necessary to take out it). Separate small vials of air are allowed. In their "big" devices should not be. Besides, lenses have to be absolutely transparent (without pomutneniye, etc.) and on a surface not to have scratches, etc. of defects, and also spots, including from fingers. Why to you excess problems if it is not erased? Especially as cleaning of lenses business very troublesome.
And here when you were convinced that the camera is whole and efficient, only then you can remember where you have a purse. It is good if you did not leave it at home.
Having paid, do not forget to take the check (better with the copy) and the completed warranty card. By the way, will not prevent to read a condition of a guarantee even before payment.
Be convinced that all set is laid back in a box and sealed.
Here you joyful, with purchase, came home, celebrated this event. And as without it! And what further? And further advises rather intensively, at least, in a warranty period, to operate your digital camera. It becomes to reveal the latent factory defects which did not come to light when checking in shop. But, having finished shooting material, at the press from "soap trays" you can meet unexpected fields. And why? The matter is that the majority of simple cameras, especially with support of video, does the parties of a shot 4:3, whereas "big" – 3:2. The printing of photos on paper goes to proportions 3:2, i.e. there will be no problems only at "big" devices. But be not afraid it it is reparable.

It is necessary to remember that slow approach – a basis of a right choice. And a right choice – pledge of that you will remain, are happy with purchase and it will bring you many positive emotions since the photo is opportunity to keep a moment for ages. And I hope that this article to you will help to make a right choice.
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