Many of us prefer to hide personal information from others eyes, especially now when by means of the personal computer it is possible to learn a lot of things about his owner. In this article I will tell as as it is possible to cipher on the personal computer, without downloading additional software, and I will give couple of advice about drawing up passwords.
Let's go from global to the private.
The password for the account
The easiest way to hide personal information are to put the password on the account.
Pluses of this operation are that it is possible to put the password on the computer and does not demand loading of additional programs, and the foreign user will not be able to get even on your desktop.
Minuses: similar protection not especially reliable. For people who really need to reach your personal information, it is possible to bypass the password.
Actions. I work at , but the principle of actions is suitable and for other operating systems on the basis of Windows.
We turn into "Start-up" – "Control panel" – "Accounts of users".
Before you there will be a dialog box displaying actions which you can make over the account. Now you need to press "Creation of the password of the account" then you will have to enter the password into the offered fields.
It is optional to fill the field "Enter the Help for the Password". But it can be necessary in case you forgot the password: for example, if your password – a nickname of your dog, enter "A nickname of a dog", and then at input of the password at you this help will jump out.
Everything, your account is protected. Further, at turning on of the Windows computer will request the password to continue work on behalf of your user.
If you have children, it is expedient to create for them the separate account with parental control.
Pluses: so you will be able to block a number of programs and games, undesirable to children, and also to put restriction on a personal computer usage time.
Minuses: children will not be able to establish game and the program.
Actions: from "Control panel" we pass into the section "Parental Control".
In a dialog box we choose the account on which you want to establish parental control (at me it is called "Children").
On your account (at the administrator) it is necessary to put the password as through this account other users can remove parental control. On the account of "children" the password is optional.
We tick off in the paragraph "Parental Control": "To include, using the current parameters".
Further in Restriction on Time, Games and Permission and Blocking of Specific Programs groups expose necessary parameters and press OK.
It is ready. Further changes in parameters of Parental control and installation of games/programs will occur through the account of the Administrator.
The password on the hard drive
In Windows 7 there is a program capable to put the password on the whole hard drive. She calls BitLocker.
Pluses: to use the program very simply, and for this purpose it is not necessary to download additional files or to look for the program in system.
Minuses: every time when you use the hard drive (to establish/delete programs), you should enter the password.
Actions. We pass into "My computer" and we right-click on a disk on which you are going to establish the password. We choose a line "to Include BitLocker".
In the appeared window we tick off on "To use the password for removal of blocking of a disk" and we enter the password into empty fields.
Pay attention of readers of InfoAdvisor.net that the password has to consist of capital and lower case letters, figures, gaps and symbols. Also the password cannot be short. The program will not accept the password if it seems to it too simple!
The program will suggest you to keep the password on a flash card, in the text file or to unpack it. Choose one of three and press further. In the last dialog box press "To begin enciphering" and wait for some time.
It is ready! During the subsequent work with the hard drive the system will request the password.
If you do not want to remember passwords, and to hide some data after all it is necessary, you can simply hide some folders. Thus, they simply will not be displayed on the screen.
Pluses: it is not necessary to remember passwords, a method in "two clicks".
Minuses: that most to get to the hidden folder, it is necessary to come into settings and to change parameters of display of folders. It is tiresome, and any user can make so.
Actions: we right-click on the folder which you want to hide, and we choose "Properties".
In offered a dialog box we tick off on "Hidden" and we press OK.
Everything, the folder is not visible!
Again to see the folder, it is necessary to pass into "Control panel" – "Parameters of folders". In the appeared dialog box we come into the Look tab and in the list of parameters we tick off on "To show the hidden files, folders and disks" (usually at the end of the list). We press "to Apply".
Passwords on folders and files – archives
By means of one of the most widespread WinRar programs too it is possible to code files: to archive them and to put the password on archive.
Pluses: a reliable way to hide personal information, plus archives squeeze files, thus, your data will take less places on a hard/removable drive.
Minuses: not always conveniently to look through files through archive therefore before work with data it is necessary to find some time for unpacking of archive.
Actions: install the WinRaR program if it it was not made earlier.
Right-click according to the necessary file / folder and choose "To add to archive …" ("Add to archive …").
In the appeared window we come into In the addition tab ("Advanced") and we press on "To establish the password" ("Set password").
Enter the necessary password, press "OK", and further there is an archiving. As a result you receive archive with the chosen files which can be seen, having only entered the password.
To forbid/allow access to some users
Other users of the computer can close access to the personal folder, without establishing on it the password.
Pluses: it is not necessary to remember the password.
Minuses: if the stranger is in your account, he will be able freely to open the folder.
Actions: right-click on the necessary folder and choose properties. In the appeared window enter the Safety tab. Here you will see users to whom access to the folder is allowed. You can change the list, having pressed the Change button. For example, we need to forbid access to the folder to the user "Children". We choose it from the list and we press "to Remove".
You can also not forbid access, and put some restrictions (for example, to allow the user only reading the folder).
To allow access to the folder, instead of "to Remove" we press "to Add". In the appeared window we drive in a user name to which you want to open access, and press "OK" – the user appears in the list. It is necessary to remove ticks opposite to those points which you want to forbid the chosen group of users.
Drawing up passwords
Do not forget that safety of your personal data depends not only on a method of their protection, but also on the password established on the computer. The good password has to consist as of letters (both capital, and lower case), and of figures. All this is necessary to minimize chance of breaking by means of a brut (rough selection of the password).
Do not store passwords on the computer in open folders, differently the sense vanishes in them.
Do not use the same password for mail, for the hard drive and for the account at the same time.