We see the first data on a baptism reported to us from the Scriptus in the Gospel. In it it is told about the sermon of the forerunner Christ, John the Baptist, to the people Judaic, coming to it to the river Jordan where this great prophet christened them. But Ioannovo's baptism in fact was not such what was made, a bit later, by Christ's pupils – apostles which and on nowadays is made by their receivers – bishops and presbyters of uniform apostolic Church. The forerunner Gospoden christened people in a repentance. That is the sermon and a baptism he called the people for a repentance, and prepared hearts them for the future Christ's acceptance. And only after the Lord our Jesus Christ, having come to Ioann hosted from it a baptism, essence of this religious rite gained other character in a root.
If Ioann Predtechi's baptism prepared hearts of the people coming to accept to it Bozhiye's word and belief in the future Christ, the apostolic baptism opens hearts for acceptance in itself already Lord Jesus.
In plans of InfoAdvisor.net to tell how now in Russia passes sacrament of the Epiphany according to the settled traditions of Orthodox Church.
The name for the Epiphany gets out
Before the beginnings of the religious rite of this sacrament the narecheniye of a name kreshchayemy is made. In Orthodox Church it is accepted to name already available canonized sacred. During this action of people can choose to himself any name if this choice does not contradict certain church canons. For example, the priest will not begin to name the man a female name, for example – Elizabeth or Larisa. InfoAdvisor.net would like to place emphasis that your name which you want to receive at the Epiphany is not obligatory at all, has to coincide with your civil name in the passport. Especially it is not possible if your parents gave you such civil name which is not present in lists of the God's famous saints canonized by Orthodox Church.
Correctness of a choice of a name consists in similar situations, first of all, in that on your motives and reference points by which you are guided at this choice how many are correct. The main reference point, it is desirable, there has to be if the choice of a name occurs not on pleasant to you sounding, and on on that how many is close to your heart sacred which name you are going to bear after the Epiphany. As, this sacred, further, becomes your heavenly patron, and the prayer book for you before God. Therefore, one of the biggest holidays for the orthodox Christian is day of memory sacred which name he bears.
But if you after all chose to yourself a name or want that it coincided with a civil name, but do not know what from sacred with this name to choose to yourself in patrons, can safely be guided the following rule. Will choose sacred with the chosen name which is celebrated by the first after your birthday. Or, having prayed, trust in the priest who can choose itself to you the heavenly patron. Especially, it is recommended to appeal to the priest to resolve this question if your civil name is not present in the calendar (the list of names sacred), and you in confusion cannot make a choice.
The same belongs and to a narecheniye of names of babies. Only all these questions, naturally, their parents, and vospriyemnik (their ) have to be engaged.
As passes sacrament of the Epiphany
At a narecheniye of the person in already chosen name, the priest dawns on it a sign of the cross three times, and asks God to be mercy to this person, to acquaint him with the Church.
The sacrament of the Epiphany usually begins at once near a font in which there will be a triple immersion. The font prepares in advance attendants of the temple in which there is Christening. Also the Epiphany ceremony begins with the priest's prayer to God about exile from heart of the dirty, and crafty spirit kreshchayemy everyone nesting, and concealed there. And also asks to acquaint him with Church, and to make a prichastnik of eternal pleasure. Kreshchayemy in reply renounces a devil, shows orally willingness to join Christ and makes the promise to it to one to serve. And he confirms with reading the Creed the belief in Christ, as in Christ Redeemer, and the Lord.
At triple renunciation of a Satan, kreshchayemy spits as a sign of contempt for a devil, and not desire to serve it three times.
For babies all these actions during sacrament of the Epiphany are made by their vospriyemnik, they also read for them the Creed.
Then the priest asks the Lord to consecrate water in a font, dawning on it, at first a sign of the cross, then a sacred unction which it pomazyvat also the most kreshchayemy three times. All this becomes in order that water in a font became for kreshchayemy a source in the new spiritual life leading it to rescue and to eternal pleasure. Then the priest with a prizyvaniye of a name of the Blessed Trinity, three times immerses it in already consecrated water. Thus the priest says: "the Christian (the name is mentioned) for the sake of the Father, amen kreshchatsya; and Son, amen; and Holy Spirit, amen".
And in end the cross worn on the neck which will serve as a visible sign of his belief in Lord Jesus is assigned on kreshchayemy. After already there are vestments, usually to white clothes which symbolize purity of the soul washed by the Epiphany.
Sacrament of an anointing
At once after the Epiphany the sacrament of an anointing in which the priest pomazyvat kreshchayemy is made, doing by the sacred world (the consecrated fragrant substance) on separate parts of his body signs in the form of a cross. Thus the priest says at each unction: "press of gift of Spirit of Svyatago". During that kreshchayemy secretly, it is invisible gifts of the Holy Spirit which will strengthen it in further spiritual life move.
On an anointing canonically it is accepted to pomazyvat the sacred world the following parts of a body. A forehead – for mind consecration; eyes, nostrils, lips and ears – for consecration of external feelings; hands and feet consecrate all external behavior of the person, including also his affairs which have to be only good.
Then the cross-shaped postrizheniye of hair on the head kreshchayemy as a sign of dedication follows his God. Both its triple driving and vospriyemnik round a font, with the lit candles in hands. The burning candles symbolize education spiritual, and driving is a symbol of spiritual pleasure and a celebration.
All these religious rites come to an end with the beginning of churching which is made for women and girls before an open Imperial Gate. And men and boys votserkovlyat pro-driving them through the Altar. This religious rite is followed by the priest's prayer: "The Christian Votserkovlyatsya (or the slave Bozhiya) …".
Novokreshchennye become full members of Christ's Church, can take active part in church life. And, above all, for baptized there is possible a participation in all church sacraments, the purpose and which mission doctoring of the soul struck with a sin, and its rapprochement good luck. For non-Christian, that is not belonging to Christ's Church, participation in saving sacraments is closed.