With many herbs I was acquainted by the grandmother in the childhood. Among them there was also a white squash everywhere growing in the village on different sites – on a forest clearing, a lawn near the house, along roadsides and even in a kitchen garden. The grandmother carefully cut off a grass and said that it is useful if suddenly who "a stomach zaneduzhit" and learned to put the crumpled grass to the bleeding wound. Popularly in the people this plant for its curative properties and availability therefore there are a lot of names at it – a poreznik, a krovavnik, belogolovnyak, a matochnik, begrenets, a gulyavitsa … And medical officers call a plant a soldier's or hardy grass as to many people it saved life at wounds in fight against the German aggressors. Then in hospitals there were no medicines, dressing means. Here also used folk remedies in field conditions. When I was a student, the grandmother already began to specify at me action of herbs from the scientific point of view. This knowledge of a yarrow ordinary, quite so it is called by phytotherapists and pharmacologists, today will share with readers of InfoAdvisor.net.
Interesting data from history
Many myths are mentioned a yarrow. Even its Latin name Achillea millefolium speaks about the following. Achillea is conformable with Akhill, so called one of heroes of Trojan war. Akhill stopped bleedings this plant. "Mille" is transferred from Latin as "one thousand", and "folium" is a leaf, literally – "one thousand sheets". It's true. If to look at leaves of this dark green plant, it is easy to notice that they repeatedly rassechena on a huge number of threads - a share. Dioskorid too actively healed open injuries of skin by "a wound grass". And Avicenna in well-known "Canons" describes many properties of a yarrow. Long time peasants used a grass for broth preparation to struggle with wreckers of crops, such as a web tick and a plant louse. At present not only in Russia physicians of property of a plant, but also in Switzerland, Austria, Sweden, Finland, the Netherlands officially recognized.
Description of a plant
This perennial from representatives slozhnotsvetny differs in a peculiar characteristic smell. The straight line stalk, is sometimes slightly trimmed. In the top part has the inflorescences of white, kremovaty or pinkish color collected in guards or baskets. Regional florets single-row, pestichny, and averages – tubular. A grass low, from 20 to 60 cm. The blossoming period long – all summer. Silvery semyanka are formed in a large number, at their one plant can be to 26000! Generally breeds seeds, is more rare – layers and rhizomes. The white squash grows on clearings, wood edges, glades, waste grounds, on roadsides at roads, in parks, gardens … Medicinal raw materials is the grass which is cut off to 15 cm from top. Or flowers, cut off them on 2 cm from top. Preparation of parts of a plant is possible from June to September. When drying began to smell at raw materials very fragrant and spicy, and taste – bitter and slightly knitting.
The operating beginnings are as follows: alkaloid akhillein, seskviterpena, essential oils (azulene, pinene, tuyon, camphor, barneol, tsineol), is a lot of , C, A (carotene), tannins. Saponina, flavonoids, pitches, organic acids are also found. Also mineral connections – potassium, magnesium, calcium, pine forest, selenium, zinc, copper and molybdenum are found.
Scientifically following actions of preparations of a yarrow are confirmed:
- Styptic, it is expressed so: coagulability increases, effect of fibrin is activated, but by no means it does not lead to developing of blood clots, the quantity of platelets increases, time necessary for a bleeding stop is shortened. It everything merit of an akhillein and vitamin K.
- Bright spazmolitichesky action – first of all on smooth muscles , then on muscles of urinary, zhelchevyvodyashchy tract; strengthen a bile exit in a duodenum, increase diuresis.
- Gorky taste irritates flavoring receptors and increases development of a secret of gastric juice therefore .
- Appetite increase, reduction of symptoms of a meteorizm, regulation of exchange processes.
- The plant is allocated with anti-inflammatory, wound healing, bactericidal and antiallergenic properties due to availability in it of essential oils, a hamazulen, tannins.
- Also the antiburn effect at local application is expressed.
- Small hypotensive, sedative action and urezheniye of warm reductions is noticed.
- Such structure causes reductions of a uterus, promotes normalization of a menstrual cycle, easing of pains and .
Indications to application
- various bleedings - gemorroidalny, uterine, pulmonary, intestinal, nasal, from wounds, gums;
- sharp or chronic intestinal infections – ponosa, dysentery, stomach ulcer, colitis, cholecystitises, hepatitises;
- glomerulonefrita, pyelonephritises, cystitis;
- atherosclerosis and obesity;
- healing of scratches, grazes, wounds, diathesis, eczema, burns;
- rinsing of an oral cavity and gums;
- hair loss, furuncles, fistulas;
- washings at acne rash.
How to apply a plant?
Do the following dosage forms of a yarrow – infusion, extract, juice, oil extracts, spirit tincture, ointment, medical bathtubs, lotions. It is a part of many collecting – appetizing, styptic, gastric, protivogemorroidalny, krovoochishchayushchy, laxative …
I will remind that it is useful to put the fresh pounded leaves to cuts and wounds for their fastest healing.
Here one of ways of preparation of infusion. It will be necessary for us: a thermos or bank with the closed cover, 250 ml of boiled water and the dry crushed grass or flowers in number of 2 tablespoons. We send raw materials to a thermos or to bank and we fill in with boiled water. After corking we insist at least one hour. Further filtering and push-up of raw materials follows. To carry out reception on 1/3 or 1/2 big glasses three times a day in 30 minutes prior to the use of food. It is possible to store such infusion in a cool place, but it is no more, than two days. It is desirable to warm up before drink. I will notice that after reception of pain in intestines pass in 15 minutes or a bit later. And the chair is normalized at food poisonings in some hours. The same infusion can be used and outwardly, for rinsing of hair, lotions, rinsings of a throat, children's trays, washing of wounds.
For preparation of tincture take 4 tablespoons without raw materials top, very carefully crush it. Place in bank and fill in 100 ml of vodka or a little more completely to hide mix. Put in a dark cool place for one week. Then filter and properly wring out the raw materials remains. It is possible to accept inside or to use for the external purposes. Inside it is enough to accept three times on 20 droplets. In a drugstore it is possible to buy ready liquid extract of a yarrow or "Rotokan", the combined preparation consisting of a yarrow, a camomile and a calendula.
To the women suffering from painful and plentiful periods, I recommend to try such structure. To accept it it is necessary to begin one week prior to day of the estimated monthly. Will boil 0,5 l of water and fill in with it the crushed dry components – a leaf of a nettle and a grass of a yarrow which to measure on a tablespoon. To carry out insisting within an hour. Then filter. Drink on 100 ml four times in a day. And so before the monthly.
Contraindications and precautionary measures
The pregnant women and people having the increased ability of blood to be curtailed and tendency to a tromboobrazovaniye cannot be treated by a yarrow. The plant is not appointed and at the strengthened secretion of glands of a stomach. It is necessary to be careful also to hypotensives. If preparations are accepted is long or in the overestimated doses, dizzinesses and a headache are possible. Tells emergence of rash on integuments about intolerance.
Here how many useful properties are available for a widespread plant – a yarrow ordinary. Remembering these recommendations, readers of InfoAdvisor.net will be able to give help to and to relatives.