For the first time noticed this plant on the river of Colombia in North America and then the American gardener Bernard Mac Magon described in 1806. In his honor and then this plant was called so. In 1822 it was brought to the countries of Europe where and now the magoniya can be met in squares, parks and on perimeter of lawns on streets.
Description of an ornamental shrub
This ornamental shrub slowly grows, reaches height about 120 cm. Bark has brown-gray color, and escapes – pinkish-gray.
At a magoniya unusual large brilliant leathery leaves. They can be about twenty centimeters long, consist of five-nine leaflets having at the edges sharp teeth. In the spring the young developed leaves reddish, then become dark green, and during an autumn time, after frosts they already crimson or bronze. Forms with golden or motley leaflets are removed. It is remarkable that prickles as at a barberry, at a magoniya is not present. In May for four weeks all low shrub is covered with the large fragrant inflorescences (branchy brushes or metyolochka) consisting of the yellow flowers similar to hand bells. In the fall on a magoniya the clusters of oval berries of blue or violet coloring covered with a wax raid, as well as grapes hang. Only these berries much more small. In the homeland of it call Oregon grapes. Taste at berries terpkovaty, specific, sweet-sour. In each berry is on 3-4 large sunflower seeds of an oblong form, chestnut color. Berries do not fall down, bushes can decorate long time. At good pollination the bush can give about 2,5 kg of fruits. From berries the tasty compotes, juice, jams, wine, tinctures having bright ruby-red color turn out. Everything in a magoniya is curative – roots, fruits, leaves, bark. Homeopathists use substances from bark for and other skin illnesses. Now a number of preparations from a magoniya pass clinical tests in laboratories of the different countries. It is already established that they render good effect at therapy , block growth of tumors.
Placement of a magoniya padubolistny
It is best of all to put a magoniya on a solar place. It is possible and in a penumbra, but then crops of berries will be less. Soils of a magoniya padubolistny are necessary friable into which air, rich with a humus well gets. Magoniya padubolistny perfectly adjoins to a lilac, a jasmine, a willow, a quince Japanese, roses, many flowers and low bushes.
Conditions for cultivation
Earlier these bushes grew up only in south countries. Now the magoniya became an unpretentious bush which normally transfers different fluctuations of temperatures – frosts, to thaw. If in the winter a bush all is covered by snow, it will magnificently blossom in the spring. And only in the first years of life for the winter small bushes are recommended to be covered fir-tree "paws".
About reproduction and landing
It is possible to multiply a magoniya padubolistny in the different ways: root offsprings, seeds, green and odrevesnevshy shanks, layers. If you have mature fruits, it is possible to take out from them seeds, it is good to wash up, and then to put on a bed which usually is in a shadow in the fall. Depth of seal is from 1 to 2 centimeters. In winter months they will pass stratification, and in the spring on this place there will be shoots which should be zamulchirovat slightly. In a year saplings are thinned out if necessary, having replaced in other place. And two-year-olds it is already possible to define on those places which you for them provided. In the first two years in the fall they should be covered fir-tree branches as Mirsovetov already mentioned, and to nakidat on them snow later.
It is necessary to Cherenkovat a magoniya padubolistny in the spring when still kidneys did not bulk up. On the cut shanks has to be up to six kidneys. Then they are immersed in water, having left not shipped on a top three kidneys. Capacity this is left in a garden. Approximately in two months will grow backs. When their length becomes on seven centimeters, came it is time to land them in soil. Only cover them for ten days with the cut-off bottles from plastic. Then remove this "small greenery" in the afternoon that the young plant got used to new conditions.
If you wish to carry out reproduction by layers, bend down poroslevy escapes to a soil surface in the spring. Lay escape in a pole and a hairpin for hair attach to the earth, having directed a verkhushechka up. Powder this place of escape with the earth, and this area humidify the whole summer. If by fall rooting took place well, the layer can separate from a maternal plant. If backs weak, carry out office and change only for the second year. Before landing prepare a pole, which diameter of 40 cm, and depth – about 30 cm (or even more). This pole should be filled then with such mix – fertile loam, the rerotting organic chemistry and the turf (all in equal quantities). InfoAdvisor.net pays your attention that the root neck of a magoniya has to be level with an earth surface. After procedure of landing it is a place it is necessary to humidify well. If you have some saplings, do between them a distance on one meter.
Recommendations about leaving
It is easy to look after a magoniya padubolistny, it will not take away a lot of time. The bush loves moisture. Well responds on regular waterings. Especially often it is necessary to humidify the soil after landing of a young plant. Then when watering a bush irrigate with water and its developing krone. It is possible to carry out top dressing of a magoniya nitroammofosky or "Kemiroy-Universal" in the spring. In October a platform under krone to a zamulchiruyta a five-centimetric layer of the decayed organic chemistry. Close up this organic chemistry when redigging in soil in the spring. Then the magoniya will thank you plentiful fragrant brushes of flowers, brilliant foliage and dense krone. The first ten years cutting can be not carried out. Delete only branches that damaged a frost, weak or drying out. If you wish that the krone was more compact, more densely, in due time shorten those escapes that grow quicker than the others or far are from the main. Carry out cutting early in the spring, to the introduction of a plant during active vegetation. One more positive moment in the maintenance of a magoniya – its resistance to wreckers and diseases. If the soil is excessively humidified, there are rains, there can be signs of fungal defeats. Then bushes should be processed Fundazol or to powder with colloidal sulfur. That the frost did not damage escapes and flower kidneys, throw more snow over the bushes. Siberians assure that in such white attire the magoniya normally transfers even forty-degree frosts. And if some branches slightly suffer, the plant will very quickly gain strength and will soon be restored.
At desire, having got some bushes of a magoniya padubolistny in containers, it is possible to receive soon on the site a green hedge, after all root offsprings of this ornamental, elegant plant are capable to expand quickly.