It is pleasant to have a rest in hot day or sincerely to have a talk on the verandah twisted with escapes of this graceful liana which flowers exhale marvelous aroma. By the way, the fashion on arbors that are entirely shrouded kaprifolyyu, came at the end of the nineteenth century from Germany. Lashes of this liana intertwine among themselves even without any support. Therefore residents of Germany consider this liana as a symbol of long-term love and attachment.
Description of a kaprifola
This climber in the nature meets in mountainous areas of the Southern and Western Europe and the Caucasus. There lashes of a bush can reach six-meter length (in a garden their length on average about two-three meters), numerous leaves on them dense, leathery, with a bluish shade, shirokoelliptichesky, settle down suprotivno. Scapes are almost imperceptible. The top two or three couples leaflets grow together at the bases, a peculiar cup or a disk turns out, and in the center original flowers, outside purple-red, and inside yellowish or white are formed. Sometimes on flowers there are violet stripes. One more attractive feature of a flower – its long stamens. And such beauty can be observed for nearly a month, since first days of June. In addition from flowers the spicy aroma amplifying in the evening proceeds. Therefore the kaprifola has also other name – a honeysuckle fragrant. In August all liana is decorated with orange berries. Now there is a lot of honeysuckles, they differ on blossoming terms, coloring of flowers. These lianas are unpretentious therefore admirers of such beauty on a country site becomes more and more.
And here some more types of this decorative liana which too now become popular:
- Telman's honeysuckle – its flowers are painted more brightly and saturated, usually in orange tones.
- Serotin's honeysuckle – differs in color of the leaves having a claret-brown shade. Buds have reddish and claret coloring and when the flower reveals, it is found out that the pharynx at it cream, aroma from flowers reminds the lime. Instead of berries on a liana shishkopodobny educations are formed further.
- Kaprifol German (differently – the honeysuckle curling) – flushes to five meters, but from a usual kaprifola differs in that leaves on tops of escapes do not grow together. In June-August on it there are yellow-pink, white or violet flowers – coloring depends on a grade. Fruits at it red. Well feels and in a penumbra.
- Brown's honeysuckle – at it is the whole clusters of magnificent orange flowers. Grows more slowly, but blossoms more long. In the cold regions for the winter escapes of this type of a honeysuckle should be covered.
- Honeysuckle yellow – the top party of leaves intensively green, and lower – glaucescent. Bright yellow florets decorate this liana for all July.
- Honeysuckle Japanese – leaflets small, a roundish form, lime, and veins on them bright yellow. This honeysuckle well grows only in warm regions.
Landing of a kaprifola
By means of a kaprifola it is possible to issue beautifully not only an arbor, but also an arch, a gate, to disguise an old fence or a tree trunk. It is possible to tell that kaprifol it is not too exacting to the soil. However better it develops on damp and fertile soils, for example, on the structured loams. On an open and solar place the kaprifola usually has more than flowers. In a shadow it too can be placed, but then blossoming will be not too plentiful, it will begin after usual terms. And here when the soil on a site sandy, develops a liana much more slowly if it does not have moisture, blossoming can stop at all. So, if you have landing material, at first dig out a hole, depth and which diameter are equal 50 cm Earth that you took out, mix with the rerotting manure (take it about two buckets). To the clay heavy soil surely add sand. After landing kaprifol it is necessary to water well. When set the object – to decorate an arbor, a bath, a verandah or other construction, saplings place at distance about one and a half meters from each other. There is a desire to decorate an arch or a gate, then it is necessary to put on the different parties two lianas about support.
Recommendations about leaving for kaprifolyyu
In the first weeks after landing the decorative honeysuckle should be watered more often that she adapted for conditions, new to it, better and got accustomed in your garden. Then watering too, undoubtedly, is required, especially, if long there is a hot weather. One more important point – several times during the summer turn lashes in the direction necessary to you, tie up them. Kaprifol will be grateful to you if sometimes feed up her organic chemistry and mineral fertilizers. Good time for introduction of organic fertilizers is the last decade of September. It is possible to cover a radical zone of a kaprifola with humus or the rerotting substratum of a compost pit. Thickness of such nutritious layer – about eight centimeters. It not only top dressing, but also "a warm blanket" for root system for the winter. In May and the beginning of July pour out about two liters of the divorced feltwort which stood about 14 days under the liana.
InfoAdvisor.net will please gardeners who live in those regions where winters happen cold: kaprifol quite successfully transfers winter months without shelter. The escapes of this honeysuckle towering over snow cover can take out frosts to minus thirty degrees (and is slightly lower). Trouble with which kaprifol copes worse are abnormally warm winter periods. At this time the honeysuckle can go to growth, that is on escapes kidneys start being dismissed. And as soon as frosts come back, they ruin escapes, branches dry up. If such nevertheless occurred, wait some time, do not cut out these escapes. Happens that the sleeping kidneys waken. If this wonderful restoration does not happen, secateurs cut off the lost dry branches, but do not touch root system. After a while you will notice that from radical kidneys strong young escapes start growing. In this season of blossoming will not be, but the liana will be engaged in strengthening of escapes. But next year your favourite by all means will please with abundance of fragrant beautiful flowers.
The first seven years of life usually kaprifol do not cut off. Only every spring examine a liana, in the presence of the frozen slightly and broken branches, they need to be removed. If you wish to rejuvenate the decorative honeysuckle, cut off old escapes in the early spring, and then cover wounds with the garden thief.
How it is possible to multiply kaprifol?
Ways for reproduction a little – seeds, layers, shanks. It is easiest to bend down escape to an earth surface, in several places hairpins to attach it to the earth. In places of such contact will soon grow backs. In the fall the taken roots parts can be divided and replaced in the right places. And it is possible to carry out change in the next season, giving to the cut-off parts the chance still grow up. If you wish more saplings, in the middle of June cut for these purposes green shanks from a liana, leave at them only top leaflets and carry out rooting.
Cultivation of decorative honeysuckles – a good way to decorate the country site. Having planted one sapling, perhaps, soon you want to multiply these beautiful lianas in the garden.