How the kamnelomka looks?
In the nature the kamnelomka can be met in cracks of rocks, rocks therefore also the name is given by it to "Saxifraga", it is possible to transfer from Latin as "to break a stone". In the world there is a set of kinds of these plants differing on the height, coloring of flowers, a form and color of leaves. Petals can be not only white, but also pinkish, red. And leaflets the kamnelomka thick, leathery, bright, green, at some types has a silvery shade, they are brought together in sockets. There are grades to pyostrenky leaves. kamnelomok there is a lot of types that they even were divided into groups. Here the most often meeting at flower growers on sites:
- Group mossy kamnelomok – they form quite soft low pillows of plants with evergreen tonkorasshcheplyonny leaflets. They should be put in a penumbra, on the sun they can be lost in a midday sun.
- Silvery kamnelomk – sockets consist of leaves with a grayish shade and white impregnations and they form dense "pillows". In July on plants there are white, zhyoltenky or pink florets.
- Violet group – the most popular and attractive. Low plants form compact "small pillow" Florets larger, all of them in violet shades.
As the kamnelomka breeds
The main ways of reproduction is crops of seeds, division of the expanded adult bush and a cherenkovaniye. With arrival of April it is possible to be engaged in seeds. Feature of these small seeds that they ascend quicker and better if previously to subject them to processing by cold.
Therefore there are flower growers which capacities with seeds at first for about three weeks place in the refrigerator or to such room where temperature keeps on a mark about four degrees of heat, and already then transfer them to the warm light room. Containers for crops of seeds can be taken low, to fill them with the good earth with compost, and then to scatter seeds on a surface. Slightly press down them, do not cover with earth because on light germination will go much better and more actively. Further wrap up these containers food wrap or put in a package. It is possible to remove a film when shoots seem. Now surely trace that the top layer of earth where boring sits, was damp, but do not allow remoistening. Be not afflicted if see that on them develop in the first weeks of a plant and leaflets extremely slowly. Remember that these "kids" have to be by all means protected from bright sunshine. Start sword-play only when on seedlings not less than two good leaflets developed. When the period of frosts passes, only then it is possible to land kamnelomk on a constant place. Usually it happens at the end of May or on the first week of June.
If you have an opportunity to multiply a kamnelomka a cherenkovaniye, it is possible to carry out procedure in the spring, in summer months or in an early autumn. The socket with leaves is cut off closer to the earth. Remove the lower leaflets, and send plants to a vessel with sand (or other easy substratum). Then place them in very cool place for some weeks. It is possible to carry out rooting in shady part of a garden. After rooting they can be replaced in pots or to open air in soil.
Landing of plants in an open ground
The foreground of beds, rock gardens, rock arias – excellent places for a kamnelomka. Well it looks along stony walls, in stony gardens. Good neighbors and partners are threshed, cereals, .
The soil on that site where want to plant small plants, has to be slightly damp, but not wet. A small rake will help you to remove stones and to break large earth lumps. Make lunochka sovochky and place there plants which with a lump of the earth took out previously from the containers. Now the earth about new "residents" can be stamped slightly, to water a little from a watering can. Want to receive good "rug" after a while, then do between holes a distance about 10 cm. If the kamnelomka gets accustomed, during the first season it will intensively increase green material, and you will see the first flowers for the second year of her life.
Recommendations about leaving
Better than all kamnelomk proves to be on fertile soils with friable structure. She will not be able to transfer stagnation of water. But if it is not enough moisture, it will affect appearance of plants. They well develop on those places which visits in the afternoon the sun. Flower growers of a midland of Russia love a kamnelomka also that it is winter-hardy. Yes, plants these unpretentious but that kamnelomk looked beautiful, strong, it is desirable to adhere to some councils at their contents, to pay and to these flowers a little attention and time. Kamnelomki periodically should water, eliminate weeds round landings, to mulch the earth.
And here from podkormka it is necessary to be careful. The surplus of fertilizers can lead to dying off of thin backs of these plants and development of putrefactive diseases. podkormok it is better not to take nitric fertilizers in quality, give preference to superphosphate or organic chemistry. Kamnelomka have enough one top dressing in a month. In 5-7 years after cultivation on one place it is better to rejuvenate, seat plants, differently sockets become friable, collapse. Before the first wintering it is better to secure the plants against frosts easy shelter (the leaves which fell down from trees will approach).
At the correct leaving and the contents grow in favorable conditions of a kamnelomka well, are not ill, are not damaged by insects. And still Mirsovetov will warn readers about some dangers.
- Mealy dew – for it emergence of a white raid on parts of a plant is characteristic.
- Rust – on sheet plates yellowy-brown specks appear and extend.
- Plant louse – very small sucking insects having greenish, white or brown color.
Usually emergence of decay of roots, distribution of fungi are promoted by excess moistening of the soil. Especially whimsical grades (for example, "Purple", "Bagryantsevaya", "A black ruby") grow up in rock gardens where the soft porous stones having the name a tufa are used. In such conditions of a kamnelomka it is possible to water seldom and gulfs to them are not terrible.
Decorative effect of a kamnelomk does not lose all season. Especially effectively it looks during this period when over the magnificent expanded "carpet" of greens tsvetonosa with gentle florets tower.