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Extracorporal fertilization

In the modern world of a family in increasing frequency face such terrible problem as infertility. And from it both men, and women equally suffer. Fortunately, thanks to modern progress and development of innovative technologies there is a number of ways of fight against infertility. One of them – extracorporal fertilization. Today will try to understand this method.

Essence of extracorporal fertilization

Extracorporal fertilization (EKO) is a procedure which is applied in case of infertility. At it from the woman the ovum is taken and inseminated artificially, and the initial stage of a germ is formed in an incubator. After that the embryo is located in the woman's uterus for further development of the child. On statistical data, pregnancy from the EKO procedure comes approximately in 30% of cases. But thus extracorporal fertilization it is possible to carry out a large number of times, everything depends on the woman's organism.

It should be noted that extracorporal fertilization - quite difficult and expensive procedure. Conditionally it can be divided into some stages. At first the woman and the man have to make all necessary tests, pass medical and psychological examination. Further the initial stage of operation follows. During it the woman uses special preparations. They help an organism to make at once some ova which fertilization of bigger quantity considerably increases chances to bring the child. When ova are ready to fertilization, the following stage of procedure – their withdrawal begins. This procedure can be made two methods. The first – a way of a laparoscopy. It is carried out by means of several punctures of a belly wall and carried out with anesthesia application. And the second, more innovative when ova pull out directly through the woman's vagina. The taken ova are located in the special liquid imitating Wednesday, natural to this body. At this time there is a fence of spermatozoa. Through a couple of hours these "ingredients" connect. On the expiration of several days the impregnated ova with healthy germs place in the woman's uterus. There is the subsequent development of the kid. The woman can already confirm successful attempt of extracorporal fertilization in some weeks, having made the usual test for pregnancy. In case of positive results of dough, in a week ultrasonic research which allows to trace quantity and degree of development of embryos is conducted. Further pregnancy proceeds, as well as at natural conception. On the expiration of nine months the woman can give rise in the natural way, and can by means of Cesarean section, everything depends on problems which the woman in labor handled. In general, EKO does not influence further course pregnancy and childbirth in any way.

Indications and contraindications to the EKO procedure

In the modern world extracorporal fertilization is quite widespread procedure. Often it is advised when couple cannot conceive the child for several years. Eko is very effective way to become pregnant at infertility and problems with reproductive function, both at women, and at men. Among widespread diseases which handle for purpose of extracorporal fertilization: impassability of fallopiyevy pipes, low activity of spermatozoa, etc. Also not seldom for passing of EKO couples, healthy in respect of a reproduction, address to exclude possibility of genetic changes of a fruit. The main indications to EKO:

  • defects in a structure of internal genitals;
  • damage of fallopiyevy pipes;
  • genetic defects;
  • inflammations of genitals;
  • surgical interventions in internal genitals;
  • endometriosis;
  • diabetes;
  • polikistoz ovaries;
  • adverse environment of a mucous uterus, etc.

For this procedure as well as for other invasive interventions, there is a number of contraindications. Among them:

  • mental diseases of the woman which can become an obstacle for incubation of the child and childbirth;
  • underdevelopment, defects or injuries of a uterus at which fixing of a fruit is impossible;
  • cancer tumors of genitals;
  • diseases of sexual ways which demand operational intervention;
  • sharp inflammatory processes in the woman's organism;
  • malignancies of any type.

Contraindications to extracorporal fertilization for men completely are absent therefore "father" will be able to hear everyone treasured.

Advantages of extracorporal fertilization

The greatest and most powerful plus of extracorporal fertilization consists in the birth of the child. Many couples owing to the physiological opportunities cannot conceive the child in the natural way, in it EKO cases – the best exit from a difficult situation. Besides, numerous researches which helped to track completely all nuances of this method show that after procedure of extracorporal fertilization healthy children who differ in nothing from those who was conceived in the natural way are born. Moreover, there are data that the kids born by means of EKO much more succeed in intellectual development the contemporaries and show excellent results in study. Each embryo "from a test tube" is investigated at an origin stage. It gives the chance to exclude serious genetic diseases and deviations of chromosomes. By the way, parents who conceive the child by means of extracorporal fertilization, can "order" a sex of the future child in advance.

Shortcomings of extracorporal fertilization

Despite all advantages of extracorporal fertilization, is as well a number of shortcomings of this method of conception of the child. Quite often at couples which use the EKO procedure, twins or even triplets are born. It occurs because to women some embryos, for bigger reliability of "are implanted" that it will become pregnant and will give birth to the kid. And though for many couples it should a problem but also also the reason for pleasure, at polycarpous pregnancy raises risk of an abortion and many other complications. Besides, statistically, children "from a test tube" are ill more often than the contemporaries. But doctors, after large-scale researches, incline to that it occurs because of other factors.

Also preparations for stimulation of a mnogoyaytsekletochny ovulation which women at the EKO procedure use have the negative print. They do not influence future child, but can cause hyper stimulation of ovaries in the woman. Therefore their reception is carried out in a stationary form under continuous supervision of doctors. Also because of these preparations there is a risk of development of a cancer of ovaries. Though doctors attribute this effect rather to the infertility, than to the use of preparations. And, eventually, there is also a possibility of extra-uterine pregnancy when the embryo is fixed in an abdominal cavity or in a pipe.

Despite all these minuses of extracorporal fertilization, nothing will be compared to birth of the long-awaited kid. wishes to each couple to feel pleasure of paternity and motherhood even if for this purpose it is necessary to resort to medical procedures.

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