General information about a plant
Hosts – the kornevishchny perennials belonging now to family asparagus. Earlier they were included into family of the lileyny. The name a host was given in honor of N. Host – the Austrian doctor and the botanist. There is at a plant also the second name – a funkiya, given in honor of G. Funk (the German botanist). In a wild look hosts meet in China, Japan, Korea, on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. Japanese eat scapes of leaves, it at them a delicacy, and consider to a host as a sacred flower. There is at hosts a feature – it quickly expands therefore it is liked to be used in landscaping. At a plant very beautiful leaves, various by the size, a form, color scale and texture. A form radical leaves roundish, heart-shaped, carved or lantsetny, and the size have from 5 to 35 cm. Color of sheet plates can be not only green different shades, but also blue, gray, white, cream, yellow. On leaves there are different spots, strips, strokes, dabs, a border of different flowers. The texture can be smooth, wrinkled, squeezed, glossy, opaque, wax … Height at different grades is various – from 15 to 120 cm. Also two-meter giants meet. There are high tsvetonosa reaching meter, the inflorescence most often represents the one-sided brush consisting of terry or simple kolokolchaty or funnel-shaped flowers of a violet, lilac, white or pink color. Gradually in trihedral boxes small seeds grow ripe. More than 40 types and about 4000 grades are known. Types hosts which were selected for selection works:
- the high – has dark green glossy leaves, large by the size, reaches 90 cm in height;
- the curly – leaves wide, dark green color, and on edge goes a white border;
- Forchuna – leaves too green, but a border at them cream;
- Zibolda – veins are very brightly expressed;
- the podorozhnikovy – at it is glossy dark green leaves;
- the blown up – at leaves the tip is pointed;
- the wavy – on edge goes "wave", a leaf in the middle white, and to edge a green border and the same dabs.
By the size hosts share on:
- the dwarfish;
- the tiny;
- the small;
- big (larga);
- the huge.
How make multiple copies to a host?
These plants breed division of a bush, a cherenkovaniye and seeds. If you want to put seeds, at first preseeding processing is required. For this purpose seeds should be wetted for 30 minutes in "Kornevin", "Epin", "Zircon". If you do not have them, aloe juice will approach. Seeds not all therefore skilled flower growers advise them before crops ascend to take 30 days in the refrigerator (stratification). The substratum should be bought in flower shops, it has to contain peat, perlite and vermiculite. In March (April) process the container or a pot potassium permanganate solution, fill a drainage, and then and a substratum. Now good moistening is required. Then scatter the prepared seeds, powder them with a small layer of a substratum (5 mm). That the earth did not dry, cover capacity with glass or place in a package. In 21 days or even there will be small shoots earlier, they should be protected from bright sunshine. As required water seedlings and when at them is on two leaves, carry out a dive. Cultivation from seeds business troublesome, slow. The seedling can be acquired at skilled gardeners or to ask shanks, part of a bush for acquaintances.
Where to put hosts?
Plants remarkably prove to be in good conditions about 20 years therefore it is important to decide on a place for their long dwelling. The ideal option is a penumbra (moreover and without drafts), then decorative effect of their leaves is shown best of all. Those hosts, which leaves bright are photophilous, have many yellow and white fragments, then spots and stripes turn out more contrast. Pyostrenky hosts like to grow in such places where the sun happens in the morning and in the evening more, and is tenyok in the afternoon. And here put blue funkiya in a shadow, differently they will lose the color. Remarkably hosts along paths or as a frame of small garden reservoirs, on perimeter of lawns, in the center of a lawn, near big trees look. Want to decorate a terrace or a verandah, then put hosts in containers. Hosts are combined with ferns, glades, goryanka, kupena, astilba, primroses, autumn anemones, medunitsa, akvilegiya.
What soil is necessary to hosts?
Best of all these plants feel on damp soils (well permeable for water), rich with a humus, subacidic or neutral. Badly they grow on heavy loams or sand. It is desirable to prepare a site even in the fall, having brought there when redigging organic chemistry. To the clay soil add humus, sand, stale sawdust, peat.
The small seedling should be protected from frosts therefore it is best of all to define hosts in an open ground when the cold snap, approximately in the middle of May already leaves (or later). Do distance between holes on 30-50 cm (if plants are small), and here the distance on 80 cm is necessary for giants. Previously the seedling should be watered for an hour before landing. If you want to put allotments from bushes, previously remove at the backs them damaged, dried up, begun to rot. It is good when on a calf is on 3 escapes. Now in holes place the small plants together with an earth lump (or the available allotments), having buried them at 2 cm earth surfaces are lower. Straighten roots, then fill up them with soil, condense slightly and water. A zone round a root to a zamulchiruyta bark or humus. If you got a plant in the container, take out it from there accurately, and then untangle all roots and distribute in a landing hole, after falling asleep by the earth to the level of the soil watering follows.
Only recently planted plants need continuous watering, to adult hosts there will be enough natural rainfall. Try that water did not get on sheet plates, differently you worsen their look. If you notice that tips of leaflets darken, korichnevet and dry up, it is a sign that in the soil there is not enough moisture.
Leaves at hosts big, they close the earth about themselves, weeds appear near them seldom therefore weeding is required infrequently. They are subject to diseases a little, only in crude places there is a risk of defeat by gray decay, a rust, spottiness. But they are disturbed constantly by slugs and snails, and also a bug weevil. When slugs leave on graceful leaves of a hole, make such baits – small capacities with beer about landings a host. Every other day collect and destroy the "become tipsy" wreckers. At invasion of caterpillars, grasshoppers, bugs it is possible to rescue plants only applying insecticides. Tsvetonosa with otsvetshy florets in due time cut off. If your hosts well expand, each five years divide these bushes and replace to other territories in August or in the early spring. If the soil on your site fertile, the funkiya can not fertilize three years. That plants had large leaves and attractive, they need potassium and nitrogen. If conceived to feed up hosts mineral fertilizers, it is possible to scatter the granulated fertilizer around in the spring, it is necessary to do it after watering or a rain. It is possible to water with liquid fertilizers hosts till July each ten days. The organic chemistry can be brought only in the spring. In the fall surely sites under hosts to a zamulchiruyta humus.
Thanks to a large number of grades and unpretentiousness, a host gains popularity in landscaping where can play different roles. Someone uses it as a pochvopokrovnik, and others rejoice to decorative leaves and place on lawns, about paths, in pristvolny circles of fruit-trees.