Cultivation of a mangold
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Cultivation of a mangold

The mangold which else is called sheet beet, the Roman cabbage – vegetable very ancient, after all started cultivating it two thousand more years B.C. on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Now this vegetable culture is grown up in the countries of Europe, Latin America, India, Japan, Korea, by the USA. And here in Russia many gardeners do not even know about a mangold.

This culture yields a big harvest of the leaves and scapes, tasty and useful to health containing many proteins, vitamins and microcells. The mangold for suffering anemia, diabetes, a hypertension, diseases of a liver and kidneys is especially valuable. And it is simple to grow up it.

Features of culture

Sheet beet – a plant biannual, it from family lebedovy (marevy). The root crop is a plant does not form, in the first year of life in the soil the thick rod root which is well branching is formed. It rough, in food is no good. All nutrients go to "vershoks" - large leaves and scapes in which taste there is a pleasant juicy sourness. There are two forms of a mangold differing on appearance – sheet and petiolar. It is easy to guess that the sheet look surely has to have a powerful socket with large, stately leaves. Their coloring can be not only bright green, but also reddish or yellowish-green – there are also such grades. The petiolar look differs in that the main veins and scapes of its leaves wide (sometimes to 5 cm). Color at scapes meets light green, silvery, red, white or yellowish. As a rule, the powerful socket is formed only when in the soil there are many nutrients. During the second season at a mangold the flower stalk on which seeds will ripen further grows. These nutlets ripen in September. Height of such stalk can be from 120 to 150 cm. Sheet beet is unpretentious, it more a holodostoyka, than her relative – beet table. There is enough six-seven degrees – germination of the seeded seeds will also already go. Small shoots will quietly endure a night cold snap to -2 °C, and to the matured young plants also -4 °C (it are not terrible already at autumn frosts). Best of all the mangold at 22-25 °C develops. The culture needs light, but can endure also the droughty periods. Moisture is necessary to a mangold when seeds bulk up in the earth and boring turns up, last up. At a stage when sheet weight increases, plants too it is necessary "to give to drink" periodically plentifully at least once in a week.

The soil for a mangold

First, the site for a mangold has to be light. Secondly, we will remind that soils have to be rich with nutritious components. Therefore it is better to fertilize a site since fall potassium and nitrogen. It is noticed that if soil heavy, clay, sour or poor in humus, the mangold will grow, but leaves will turn out rough on structure and will lose tastes. Therefore planned under a mangold uchastochek even in the fall very deeply dig up because roots of sheet beet are capable to make the way far deep into. Mirsovetov will call the best predecessors for a mangold are cucumbers, cabbage, peas, carrots, onions, potatoes. And here on those places where beet or spinach grew – do not place a mangold, after all they have general diseases. On square meter of the earth it is quite good to bring a big bucket of the rerotting manure (or compost), a teaspoon of potash fertilizers and 3 teaspoons of superphosphate. If soil sour, surely scatter a dolomitic flour. Heavy soils improve if to add a bucket of river sand and the same amount of peat on square meter. Crops can be carried out and after "green" fertilizers – siderat.

When to sow seeds?

If the top layer of earth already got warm to 8 °C, came it is time to be engaged in mangold seeds. In the same time usually all an amicable crowd come for landing of potatoes. It is possible to seed a mangold earlier, but then the gryadochka should be covered. Keep in mind that if absolutely early to seed a mangold, that is risk that low temperatures will give the print – plants zastrelkutsya. Germination of seeds of sheet beet – process slow therefore they need preliminary preparation. We presoak seeds for 36-48 hours in water, which temperature about 40 °C. That water was warm, during this time its time should be changed five. If there is no time for such long soaking, resort to a "fast" way – we keep seeds about two hours in Epina Ekstra solution. On a bed crops are better to carry out "nests", a distance between which 40 cm (for petiolar grades) and 20 cm (for sheet). Close up seeds on depth of 2 cm (or a little more). Width of row-spacings fluctuates from 25 to 40 cm. In 10-15 days shoots have to seem.

If you wish to have green leaves a bit earlier for food then grow up seedling. Seeds in this case sow at the end of March. The grown-up seedling of a mangold can be sent to a bed in the first of May.

Known grades: "Emerald", "Rubin", "Bride", "Beauty", "Belavinka", "Scarlet". Grades "Red" and "Green" are suitable for subwinter landing.

In what leaving consists?

Each seed of a mangold comprises some soplodiya, that is why it is necessary to thin out seedlings of not less than two times. The sheet mangold the first time is thinned out, doing a distance between seedlings in 10 cm when they grow up, between plants leave on 20 cm. At petiolar finally it will be necessary to leave on 30 cm. In time delete weeds from a bed, loosen the earth, whenever possible humidify it. The more watering, the is more juicy and green material is larger.

You will notice how growth of a mangold if time three during the summer feed up him such infusion will improve. It becomes in the barrel standing right in the sun. We throw weeds after pro-half-internal works into this barrel. Having filled a third of a barrel with this "good", we fill in it with water. In 4 days from a barrel will start "smelling slightly" is a result of fermentation. In a week you can already take the turned-out natural fertilizer from a barrel. And not only it is suitable for a mangold. For podkormok it is possible to take the divorced feltwort, kuryak or "Kemira Universal". Still periodically on a bed about plants it is possible to scatter ashes, carrying out then loosening.

Usually the first cuts of leaves can be done in 50 days after crops implementation. And harvesting is conducted all summer. The more cut off, the new leaves grow more plentifully. But thus after cut on a plant there have to be three quarters of greens. Carry out a cut with a scape, but be accurate, do not touch serdtsevinny leaves. It is better not to leave columns, differently they can undergo rotting. Petiolar grades clean later, approximately from the moment of crops in 90 days. Leaves have to be developed fully by this time. For the next season you receive good greens of a mangold in already early spring. For this purpose carry out an earthing up of plants and a zamulchiruyta their fragmented peat in the fall, and then cover straw. Some gardeners dig out the plants in the fall to carry out in the winter a vygonka. At first remove the turned yellow parts of a plant, and then a prikopayta roots in the cellar. Will land them then in the boxes put on a window sill or a loggia that soon there were young greens.

Leaves of a mangold go to salads, vinaigrettes, borsches, soups, stuffed cabbage. And scapes are especially tasty if to fry them (like an asparagus or a cauliflower) with butter, spices and to powder with small cut greens of fennel or parsley.

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