Unusual aquarian small fish carry to Karpov' family. Big-eyed breed was received as a result of selection of vualekhvost. The first mentions of telescopes occur in the Chinese chronicles dated XVI century, long time this breed knew only the population of Asia. In 1872 several individuals of telescopes as a gift were received by Frenchman Pierre Carbonie – the inveterate fan of an aquarian hobby. It multiplied small fishes who won all Europe after a while.
A picture is worth a thousand words
At telescopes the inflated short little body which is bearing a faint resemblance to egg or a sphere. The fin located on a back vertical. Other fins – long, vualevy, air – a subject of special pride of breed. The magnificent tail at a small fish is doubled and makes the third part of total length of the telescope. Depending on position of a tail of fishes divide on yubochny and tape: at the first the tail fin is a little raised and develops in the form of a skirt, at the second it is lowered in the form of tapes.
The telescope head thanks to the eyes which are sticking out on each side from above is very similar to a hammer. Eyes can act on 5 cm from the head! By the way, the more eyes at a small fish, the consider her as the bigger beauty. Kinds of breed evolved from distinctions of characteristics of eyeballs of small fishes. Thus consider their sizes, a form and an axis of the direction. Eyes at telescopes happen cone-shaped, cylindrical, spherical, dish-shaped and spherical. Because of uneven position of eyes it seems that the drakonchik looks at the same time in different directions. In China went further away when as a result of selection work received a new kind of the telescope – a small fish with the name "astrologer". It has no vertical fin on a back, and eyes are directed up.
Primary colors which the very saturated meet in coloring of telescopes, as a rule: orange with a metal shade, print, red with a scarlet shade, black. Not at all small fishes of this breed the body is covered by scales – such telescopes happen print and one-color, they are also deprived of effective metal gloss unlike the scaly colleagues.
Many aquarians very much like the telescopes "dressed" in velvety black scales. The saturation of coloring of a water drakonchik depends on intensity of lighting, color of soil and a diet. At sudden changes of these factors the small fish can brighten in the eyes.
Some features of a color played a dirty trick with the telescope. For example, white small fishes with black fins were christened by sorokam, and small fishes with the black and white spots which are chaotically located on all body – pandas.
How to make friends with the telescope
The maintenance of breed is not deprived of some peculiar features, after all this sensitive and gentle small fish very much loves heat. And, of course, the main complexity consists in granting such conditions to a water dragon that his huge eyes were in safety. For this purpose small fishes need to be lodged in big and high capacity. Not less than 50 l of water have to fall on one small fish.
Curious telescopes often investigate soil. A bottom of an aquarium in which big-eyed pets will live, cover with sand, small gravel or smooth pebble. In principle any soil without the acting keen edges will approach. To branches and other decorative elements which can injure telescope eyes, in the dwelling of a small fish not a place.
Small fishes of this breed with pleasure eat greens therefore to graceful plants and gluttonous water dragons in one capacity not to get on with gentle leaves. Will be able to resist appetite of telescopes unless seaweed with strong root system and dense rigid leaves. That the aquarium was framed beautifully by magnificent greens, make a choice for an elodea, a saggitariya and a strelolistny jug. Put them closer to a back wall of a house reservoir, having left an empty seat for games of telescopes.
Suitable water temperature for a water dragon fluctuates in the range from 12 to 28 °C, acidity – from 6,5 to 8, and rigidity has to be no more than 20 °.
Because of that that telescopes quite large small fishes are also very gluttonous, water in an aquarium will quickly become soiled. To maintain its purity, the owner of water dragons should get the serious equipment for a filtration. The filter has to have a capacity not less than 3 volumes in an hour. You should not lose sight and the main requirement to aeration – it by all means has to be uniform. To arrange in a house reservoir a solid wall from vials of air, it is possible to improve the compressor, having used a medical dropper with the small openings done in it.
To purity of water in an aquarium where live telescopes, pay special attention: the coddled small fishes do not transfer her zamutneniye and can even be lost from dirt! That it did not occur, every week water in an aquarium partially is substituted (not less than a quarter of water of total amount).
Feeding of telescopes
Once again the water dragon will never refuse to eat. The small fish has no special preferences: she willingly eats any forage. The live forage in the form of a koretra, a crank, a trubochnik has to enter a diet of the telescope surely. Besides, small fishes of this breed will not be against bread and fresh chopped salad.
Keep in mind that telescopes do not know when to stop therefore will eat so much, how many you will be able to offer them. The gluttony constitutes big health hazard of big-eyed small fishes who are more often than other diseases suffer and die of obesity. For prevention of excess weight at telescopes once a week arrange them a fasting day – do not give crumbs. One meal has to contain such volume of a forage which small fishes will be able to eat in 10 min.
Features of cultivation of water dragons
In the spring with increase in light day polovozrely males start showing active interest in an opposite sex and try to be closer to a yaytseklad of females. On chest fins and branchiate wings of males there are outgrowths similar to semolina grains. It is a peculiar sign – males are ready to reproduction. In turn females are considerably rounded: their stomachs are densely filled by caviar.
In 2–3 weeks prior to spawning of females and males keep in different aquariums, supplying them with plentiful portions of a live forage, then place producers in the general capacity for spawning. The optimum volume of a nerestovik varies from 20 to 30 l. Its bottom is covered with small sand and plant small plants with small leaves there.
In the evening in capacity for spawning put one samochka and 2–3 males age about 2 years. During this period it is necessary to watch closely water temperature: it has to be not less than 25-26 °C. Stimulate spawning also by means of temperature, increasing it approximately on 5 °C. With arrival of morning the caviar throwing begins. Males pursue a female, and she, departuring from them, starts throwing out gradually berries which are impregnated right there by males. This marriage game from 2 to 5 hours then producers are returned on a former residence lasts.
About 10 000 berries become result of reproduction. On average in two days it is possible to see larvae, and 4–5 days later – whitebaits. Small telescopes start raising live dust, an egg yolk and a small kolovratka.
Telescope and its neighbors
Water dragons well get on with small fishes which character is similar to their own. Vualekhvosta or shubunkina will become beautiful partners for telescopes. And here to haratsinovy fishes, tsikhlida, arovana, Siamese cockerels also we designate to representatives of combative breeds near the telescope there is nothing to do – the last risks to remain with the torn-off fins and the injured eyes.
Diseases of telescopes
Water dragons suffer from diseases which are peculiar to all representatives of tropical breeds. Most often happen:
- the infections caused by bacteria;
- the diseases caused by fungi;
- diseases which activators are the elementary microorganisms and parasites;
- diseases because of stresses, damages, bad conditions of keeping.
Despite various difficulties with which, perhaps, the owner of water dragons will meet, surprising small fishes with big eyes are the most popular inhabitants of house reservoirs today.