What is it?
The dry fulling from wool is also known, how a filtsevaniye or a felting. It is technology of the systematic and directed wool consolidation as a result of which various figures turn out. Special needles for a felting sputyvat woolen fibers, forming an elastic and dense surface.
It is possible to call a fulling without exaggeration the most ancient textile art. Archeologists find valyany products age more than 8 thousand years. There are some theories of emergence of art of a fulling one of which says that the first woolen product appeared on Noah's Ark. The bible tells that Ache brought together all animals there, including about sheep. For long time of wanderings they bred, being restricted in the small shelter. Their wool fell on a floor, being trampled by hoofs and when the Great flood ended and all left an ark, Ache found a dense valyany carpet where there lived sheep.
Our far ancestors dragged to themselves clothes from wool of the killed and the cultivated animals.
The nomadic people the first could estimate surprising properties of the felted wool. It is extremely warm and light material which will protect from cold, a wind and dampness. Nomads did of wool literally everything – yurtas, clothes, footwear, headdresses, bags, blankets etc.
Masters gave the ability from generation to generation, each time perfecting equipment and inventing all new ways of a fulling. Today there is a great number of the most interesting the technician and art cunnings, but what we dragged, the essence of equipment did not change from the very first days …
Convenience of a dry fulling from wool that for work you do not need a lot of place or a large number of the special equipment. You can interrupt at any time, create everything that will take in head or to create the valyany masterpieces in the course of viewing of the favourite movie!
What is required?
Dry fulling from wool it is simple, but nevertheless for it it is necessary to get special tools and materials:
- Wool – special wool for a creative fulling is on sale in art shops. It can be any flowers, different density and rigidity.
- Needles – you should not amuse yourself hopes that will be possible to manage a usual sewing needle. Needles for a fulling are not similar to the sewing colleagues are thin and extremely sharp needles with jags of different size at all.
- Brush – in an art bench it is possible to buy a special wide brush for a fulling, but it is simpler to replace it with a usual scouring sponge or a slice of foam rubber. The brush or a sponge are necessary to protect hands and a table (or your knees) from scratches a needle.
If you conceived to felt something grandiose and volume, for economy of material and time it is possible to replace wool with a usual synthetic winterizer. Felt a basis of future masterpiece from a synthetic winterizer, and from above to a privalyayta a woolen cover. Remember that in the course of a fulling initial material takes seat approximately on 1/3. Count volume, measuring slightly more than the planned dimensions.
When you examine equipment of a dry fulling from wool, before you the boundless world of creative opportunities will open. Drag a beads, earrings, flowers, brooches and toys from wool! Everything is limited to only scales of your imagination.
How to start dragging?
As well as in any other type of creativity, it is necessary to begin acquaintance to a dry fulling with creation of elementary hand-made articles. And what can be simpler and more perfect, than a sphere? Make it to start some balls and who knows, maybe, there will be your first woolen busik? Production of one bead will take away no more than 10 minutes of your time.
Measure necessary amount of wool. Remember that the volume of your future bead will decrease several times. The ball will be more dense, the shrinkage is stronger. Pinch off or cut off a small slice of material from a woolen hank. If you want to make at once some identical beads, providently prepare equal pieces of wool.
Start sputyvat fibers. For this purpose straighten fingers a woolen slice and divide it into some equal thin parts. Evenly distribute fibers of the first slice, and put the second part from above. Fibers of the second part have to go at an angle 90 degrees in relation to fibers of the first slice. Put thus layers, wool slices will not end yet.
Take a short glass of fibers in a hand and wrap edges to the center. Watch that fibers were not displaced. Hardly curtail wool into a ball, holding for small "tail" from fibers.
Take a needle and place preparation on a sponge or a brush. It is for a start better to take a needle with more expressed and thick jags. Further it is necessary to behave accurately correctly "to get the hand". Arrange a needle perpendicular to preparation and start doing the easy puncturing movements. Do not hurry not to injure to yourself fingers. Watch puncture depth – too weak puncture will not yield the necessary result, and at too strong the needle can break about the basis of a brush or about a table. Make some punctures "to experience" process and turn preparation on other party. Repeat so several times to fix a form of future bead.
When you are sure that your ball holds a form, take it between palms and properly roll. Thus you distribute fibers in a bead and will smooth all rough and acting "filaments". We congratulate – you drag a bead! Very important dovalyat a product up to the end that inside it was not become empty space.
Take thinner needle with frequent cloves and start puncturing a bead on all its surface, smoothing all roughnesses and giving to a product the ideal form. Remember the fundamental law of a fulling – the more punctures, the place is more dense and the shrinkage is stronger.
Check readiness of a bead, having squeezed it between fingers. If it is not deformed, so can congratulate yourself on the first successfully felted product!
How to work with needles for a fulling
The dry fulling from wool can become your favourite hobby, but the first impression can be spoiled because of maloperation with tools. Needles for a fulling special, and it is necessary to use them specially.
The basic rules of work with needles:
- discipline and stick a needle perpendicular to a surface;
- do not do strong scope, differently you damage either yourself, or a table, or a needle;
- properly aim, doing a puncture. Needles very sharp can also easily wound you;
- do not hold preparation suspended during a puncture.
This short instruction will help readers to start being engaged Mirsovetov in a dry fulling. Become skilled, creating balls and simple figures, but by all means pass to more difficult images. You will not manage to look back as will tighten you to the amazing world of a fulling, and from under your needle fantastic woolen masterpieces will take off!