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How to learn to skate

Skating remains very popular sport in which with pleasure both adults, and children are engaged. If you still even did not think of joining number of his fans, never late to make it. To skate, as well as to dance, it is possible to learn at any age.
Катание на коньках остается очень популярным видом спорта, которым с удовольствием занимаются и взрослые, и дети Skating remains very popular sport in which with pleasure both adults, and children are engaged. If you still even did not think of joining number of his fans, never late to make it. To skate, as well as to dance, it is possible to learn at any age.
For example, the famous mathematician Sofya Kovalevskaya for the first time came already adult to ice, and this occupation so carried away her that in some years Kovalevskaya was considered as the real virtuoso of driving.
Besides, that skating forces to move and be more in the fresh air, it improves a bearing, coordination, possession of a body, does the movements more plastic and more expressive.

What is necessary for the beginner?

And that for a start only desire and little free time.
Коньки And, of course, skates. For the first time you, most likely, will hire skates – at least to understand, whether you want to study driving further. But if it is pleasant to you on ice and you decide to visit a skating rink regularly, surely get own couple of skates. And business not only that own skates – approximately the same, as own footwear: dry, pure and your size, but also that on rolling skates the fillet on an edge is, as a rule, absolutely smoothed, necessary in order that it is correct to put a foot on ice and it is correct to make a start.
For driving on a skating rink skates figured, hockey or will be suitable for free driving. Each type of skates in the best way corresponds to the appointment. So figured skates (with cloves on an edge sock) have a boot from skin or a kozhzam, they are warmer synthetic hockey, but it is heavier than them and are intended for performance of the most intricate pirouettes. Hockey skates easier figured, in "strategic places" they are strengthened and protect feet from hit of a washer. And the skates for free driving which are not specialized for some certain sport are warmed inside, soft outside, they can have cloves on a sock, and can not have, without special protection of an ankle and toes – the word, they perfectly are suitable for quiet rest on a skating rink.
In general the choice of skates – business responsible and a subject of separate article, and will talk only about your first steps on ice this time.

Where to go to ride?

Для катания на коньках существуют специальные катки As all know, for skating there are special skating rinks – opened and closed. Ice on the closed skating rinks is made of the soft water cleared of impurity therefore sliding on it is better. The closed skating rinks are good also what it is possible to ride them in any weather though all the year round, and also they are equipped with locker rooms and lockers for clothes. On an outdoor ice rink of such comfort can not be, and, going there, once you think in advance, in what to put on, change clothes and where to put the clothes which are taken off during driving.
In the first exits to a skating rink it will be more convenient to you if on it there are few visitors: it is so easier to overcome constraint and to ride is more spacious. You can choose either a poorly populated skating rink, or offpeak time. For confidence can take with yourself more skilled friend or ask for the help the trainer whom you without effort will find on the same skating rink. However it is optional: if you are sure of yourself and have a normal physical form, will be able quite to master knowledge of skating independently.
Remember that on a skating rink the movement is directed counterclockwise. Do not violate this rule and do not ride "against the current" – it you create danger both to yourself, and to others.

We put shoes on

Обуваем коньки In figured skates and skates for free driving put on one couple thin warm socks better to feel ice and to operate a foot therefore they have to be the same size, as your usual footwear. Hockey skates should be carried with thicker socks that feet therefore they have to be 0,5-1,5 sizes more, than your footwear did not freeze.
Correctly laced up boot has to cover rather hardly a foot in instep, and the lace at a sock and the top hooks – is slightly weakened. Even on an ankle do not tighten laces very tightly: the boot has to sit densely, but is comfortable. Better already during driving if necessary once again tighten laces on skates. Check that the back fitted a heel tightly: in correctly laced up boot you will not be able (or nearly will not be able) to tear off a heel from a sole.
Except a lacing, boots can be clasped and by means of clips (bakly). To put on them much quicker, however, if you in such skates decide to play hockey, the clip can break from blow. Enough often children's skates have such fastener, after all any child will not want to sit and wait quietly until you lace up to him all feet. Such fastener consists of a calcaneal belt, a clip and can be added with a lacing.
In such boot at first we tighten a short lacing (if it is) – densely, but not too hardly, then by means of a calcaneal belt we fix an ankle and a heel and, at last, we latch on an anklebone a thong with a clip – so that the foot did not dangle in a boot, but thus could move forward conveniently and in the parties.

First steps and sliding forward

Первые шаги на коньках Well here, you put on skates feet and for the first time come to a skating rink. Undertake a side and accurately step into ice. Perhaps, your first desire will be to seize forever a board and to stay so until the end of a session. Well, connect feet together and quietly to a postoyta. It is possible in order that feet did not part, you should strain a few internal muscles of hips, but in general such standing should not make any work.
As if you wanted and to stand with edge, to learn to skate it is possible in only one way – release a side and a postoyta, for what without keeping. It is not difficult at all. Dump catalepsy – only this way you will be able to operate the body.
What's next? Try to take a step, another. On a skating rink it is necessary to slide, but almost all beginners try to go on ice, as on the ground. Anything terrible – feel ice, feel how your foot becomes on it, understand that you strongly stand on the skates. Now let's learn slide.
For this purpose it is necessary to make a start an edge of one fad, having completely transferred body weight to other foot. When sliding knees have to be bent, a back direct, it is possible to bend slightly forward. Do not make a start a fad sock at all – only an edge. If to investigate sliding on details, the following scheme will turn out.
  1. Feet together, feet in parallel.
  2. Bend feet in knees, holding a back equal, and develop the right foot approximately on 45 degrees.
  3. Make a start an internal edge of the right fad and during a push transfer weight to the left foot.
  4. From a push you will go forward on the left foot (her knee remains slightly bent).
  5. Tear off the right foot from ice and tighten it to the left. Watch that teeth on a sock of the fad did not concern ice. If it occurs, so you too strongly direct a sock from top to bottom.
  6. Hold both feet together and quietly slide on both. At this time check the body: a back the straight line, the case will develop forward, knees are bent.
  7. Repeat the same movement for the left foot.
To learn to slide it is possible and with the feet standing in the third position: one ahead, another behind, are put to each other under 90 degrees.
Учиться скользить можно и со стопами, стоящими в третьей позиции: одна впереди, другая сзади, приставлены друг к другу под 90 градусов We make a start a hind leg, we slide on a lobby, we bring a take-off foot to basic and we transfer it forward, we put in the same third position – under 90 degrees. Again we make a start back, and everything repeats. Sliding it is possible to try to simulate houses, to a skating rink that better to understand it.
Help themselves to keep balance, having placed hands in the parties palms at the level of a belt down or is a little higher. Take the first sliding steps absolutely near a side – it will be not so terrible.
Transfer of weight from a take-off foot (that with which we are pushed) on basic (that on which we slide) happens immediately: making a start, we instantly pass to other foot.
Watch that the case settled down precisely over a supporting leg (remember how you did "swallow"), on a take-off foot after a push should not be gram of your weight, and the basic knee has to be always bent.
Gradually pauses between pushes will become less, and the stage when you slide forward on both feet will disappear: as soon as you put a take-off foot to basic, you at the same moment will make a start, transfer to it weight and to slide forward already on a new supporting leg.
At many one foot is stronger, than another (as in the song: "and at me jog – right"). Aspire that at you both feet therefore give the strengthened load of a "weak" foot were "jog".


At the very beginning of skating when you between pushes slide on both feet connected together turns are carried out by means of an instinctive body tilt in the necessary party. However when you learn to go on one foot, that is will develop a long step, it is time to learn to do turns – on a skating rink it is impossible to go directly all the time.
Как научиться кататься на коньках How it is easiest for beginner to learn to turn?
– when want to turn the first and easiest way, make a start the right foot, thus offer the right hand and a shoulder forward, twisting the case towards turn, that is to the left. At some point for balance preservation you will want to trip up on ice right is it will turn out at you without special work, the body as if will make this.
Continue to cross feet, as usual, keeping turn in the case, and thus be pushed with the internal foot closest to the center of a skating rink, is slightly weaker, than always, and external, turned to a side – is slightly stronger. At the expense of it will wrap you in the necessary party.
As the second way of turn the dash serves (other its names – jog, turn with a perestupaniye, cutting). advises to master turn by a dash, only when you already rather surely feel on ice and will be able to operate a foot as here fad edges also participate in turn.
The dash differs from a usual step in that the free foot rushes further basic, crossing the line of its movement.
For a dash to the left:
  1. Twist the case to the left – towards turn a little: the right hand and a shoulder have to be removed forward, and left – back, incline the case to the center of a skating rink a little – it is necessary "to lay down on an arch". Make a start, as usual, an internal edge of the right fad.
  2. Pass a little forward on the left foot. At this time lead round it the right foot and continue this movement, having taken out the right foot a little forward, having as if taken up in the center spun, crossing the line of the movement of the left foot. Transfer weight to the right foot and slightly more strongly bend her knee.
  3. At this time make a start – attention! – outside edge of the left fad. Watch that it was outside edge, but not teeth though it seems natural. It is possible to make such push, only if to bend the right knee more strongly, than usually.
  4. After a push slide on an internal edge of the right fad, shoulders are still developed to the left. Sliding on an internal edge happens because your case is slightly inclined to the center of the described circle.
  5. Smoothly bring the left foot to right, put it on ice and make a start the right foot, as usual – now you slide on an outside edge of the left foot, too because of a case inclination to the center.
  6. Repeat these steps, do not finish turn yet: the right foot take up before left a little, strongly bending a knee and making a start thus the left outside edge of the fad. The trunk keeps the inclination and a turn.
At first your steps will be small, and turn not too smooth, but gradually you learn to maneuver on ice. Jog is carried out in a specular reflection to the right: you twist the case to the right and take up every time the left foot, wrapping yourself during the movement in the necessary party a little.
Actually jog is not so difficult as it seems – simply try to make it. Thus pay attention to some important points:
  • twisting of the case is will give to the movement the necessary direction;
  • strongly bent right knee (for the left jog) is will allow to make a start not a sock of the left foot, namely an outside edge;
  • to carry by the right foot only on a circle round basic left is will save from injuries and also will give to the movement the necessary direction.


При хоккейном торможении оба конька одновременно поворачиваются на 90° к направлению движения, а тело отклоняется в противоположную сторону But not nevertheless to slide forward – sometime it will be necessary and to slow down. It is possible to reach simply to a side and to stop, holding it. However this way will not approach if you need to stop in the middle of an ice field. You can stop if simply cease to make a start and will slide forward, gradually losing speed. But again the way is not suitable for the emergency braking.
The elementary way quickly to slow down in which train beginners – "plow". That who skates on roller-skaters, this reception is familiar. Place feet slightly more widely than shoulders, strongly bend knees, reject the case a little back, develop inside socks and fill up inside an ankle a little. If you keep now distance between feet, you slow down and stop. It is easier for much to brake in the same way one foot: to begin as it is described, but then to develop a little a body aside and to slow down a forward foot.
If you several times try this way in practice, you will find the necessary tilt angle of an ankle and will feel the center of gravity.
It is possible to brake "plow" only at a low speed of the movement. As soon as you learn to ride more or less quickly, you should master other ways of braking. For example, sliding directly on one foot, it is possible to take out another forward and to rest fad "heel" against ice. Her knee has to be direct, and a foot – strong because the main pressure is the share of it.
At hockey braking both fads at the same time turn on 90 ° to the direction of the movement, and the body deviates to the opposite side. Shoulders and the head are turned towards the movement.
The way is more difficult: we go directly on one foot, and we take out the second forward, we develop a sock outside and we put across the movement so that the sock of a supporting leg was in the middle of the developed foot. Thus both knees are bent, during a stop weight is gradually transferable on a forward foot, at the end of the movement the hind leg costs on a fad tooth. To hold a back directly.
There are also other ways to stop on ice, you surely learn them when start riding surely. So far, right at the beginning work these receptions. only recommends to learn to stop at a low speed, differently you can not master the body. At all types of a stop reject a trunk in the party, opposite to the movement!

Falling and rises

падать на катке не так уж и страшно The beginning figure skaters are frightened by falling: so solid ice and cold, around – others ground skates... Actually, it is not so terrible to fall on a skating rink if to follow some rules. First, having fallen, do not lie – ice as you correctly noticed, cold. Besides, having stretched in the middle of a field, you disturb those who rides around. For the same reason not to a rastopyrivayta fingers better in general collect palms in fists: remember, after all around others ground skates.
The majority of falling happens during sliding, and blow force due to inertia considerably decreases. Therefore to fall on ice not so painfully as can seem.
During falling it is recommended to bend feet in knees, to relax and try to fall on one side, to the outer side of a hip. Of course, this council is difficult applicable for beginners who fall quicker, than manage to think that to them happened. Protect the head: when falling reject it forward back, when falling back – press a chin to a breast. The correct falling will save you from injuries.
Do not try to get up the same as on the earth. On ice at you it will not turn out, and you can fall for the second time. At first rise by knees after that rest one fad against ice (right now resting teeth is will not allow you to sweep) and accurately straighten a knee.
Despite rather small danger of falling on a skating rink, nevertheless, having risen, try to reach a side, to recover the breath and feel, whether all with you as it should be.
After the first visit of a skating rink you will be able quietly to stand on skates, slowly to slide and perfectly learn to rise by them after falling.

Rest during driving

Отдых во время катания на коньках Do not forget about rest during driving: for want of habit your body receives quite strong loading. If feel that feet do not obey you, take rest, after all it is impossible to be trained in driving on the wadded shivering feet, and the tired figure skater loses attentiveness and care and can easily be traumatized.
As a rule, payment on skating rinks is raised for a full session of driving which lasts not less than 45 minutes, however advises first to take away for occupations shorter periods, approximately on minutes 15-20 two-three times a week.
And, of course, not superfluous will be to repeat common truths that, cooling down, you should not undress, drink too excited cold drinks, etc., etc.

The adult in a normal physical form for a short time can seize the simplest elements of driving – and if near it there is more skilled companion, it will occur even quicker. Even short regular trainings will help you for one season surely to feel on skates.
But if to address for council to you there is nobody, and on ice you test insuperable uncertainty, on each skating rink there are one or several trainers who with pleasure and for the corresponding payment will look after you.
If you want to teach to ride the child (and furthermore if he wants it), send him to children's group. Who knows? Suddenly near you future champion?
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