The dictionary is simple. Consists of 7 parts
- Connecting accessories.
- Dividing accessories.
- The masking accessories.
- Decorative accessories.
- Costume jewelry basis.
In the description of each term the international name is also given in English. It will help to find a thing necessary to you in English-speaking online stores quickly. Let's roll!
Connecting ringlets (Rings Findings) – perhaps, the most popular element of accessories for costume jewelry. Connects ornament details. Ringlets happen demountable and one-piece (soldered). Sometimes use ringlets of double torsion - for more reliable fastening (use them for charms more often).
Connectors (dilators, Connectors) - decorative transitional an element with several fixing eyelets for which it is possible to attach details and beads. Happens in the form of a big element to one opening for fastening of several details.
Chendlera – a type of the connector, a basis for ear rings and pendents with one eyelet on one party and several on another.
Beyla (Bails) – holders who use at production of bracelets and suspension brackets. The main part Bale (tunnel) is strung on a cord or a wire, on an accessory of Bale (a fixing eyelet) attach suspension brackets, beads and other decorative elements. Beyla meet two types: cast with a usual eyelet for fastening and tightening (demountable). It is possible to attach a bead or a stone with an opening to demountable Bale.
Carbines (lobsters, krabik, Lobster Clasps) – a fastener which works by the principle of a mechanical clip. The carbine allows to use a lengthening chain.
Togla (the frog lock, Toggle Clasps) – the lock from two parts which one part has a ringlet, and other part represents a perekladinka which is passed through an opening of the first part. Togla often decorate with patterns, for example, in the form of a grapevine.
Hitch (Hitch) – a fastener button mechanical or magnetic.
Other fasteners – also happen other types of fasteners: magnetic, hooks, the twisting locks (on a carving).
Screw pins (Screw Eye Findings) - most often use for creation of jewelry of polymeric clay. Reminds a small screw with an eyelet on the end. The sharp end is fixed in clay preparation, the eyelet remains outside.
Pins (a pin, Pins) – an element for a fastening of details of ornament. The bead is put on it and kruglogubets bend free edge of a pin before formation of an eyelet. There are pins carnations (to a hat or a ball on the end) and pins with an ear (to an eyelet on the end). The pin with an ear is necessary if you want to attach to a bead elements from two parties.
Shvenzy-kryuchki (a blizura, Hook Earrings) – a basis for ear rings in the form of a hook with a fixing eyelet from below. For convenience it is possible to fix an ear ring at a sock a cap.
Shvenzy-petli (Earring Hook Wire), round shvenza (Round Hoop) – the most elementary bases for ear rings. On them it is easy to suspend any bead even without special tools.
Shvenza with the English lock (Earring Lobster, Earring Hook) – are considered as the most reliable and form the basis for heavy ear rings. Such lock from a curved handle will be closed and fastens by the principle of "krabik".
Puseta (a pusseta, Stud Earrings) – a basis for ear rings tacks. For them the caps used as the lock are obligatory. The visible part of puset happens flat and figured. To a flat basis decorative elements are glued. Figured bases below have an eyelet for various suspension brackets.
Clip-on earrings (Clips) – the name speaks for itself. The bases for ear rings clips happen different types: with an eyelet for decorative elements, with a flat platform, etc.
Fastenings for kaff (Cuff) – are popular recently "informal" kaffa which carry on one ear. Usually kaff consists of two fastenings: one fastens as a usual earring on an ear lobe, and the second is fixed above (on an ear cartilage). The second fastening is not closed wide ring which can be squeezed, having fixed it thereby on an ear.
Speysera (dividers, Spacer) – dividing elements which place between the main details of ornament. The form of speyser is various: in the form of small beads, square, diamond-shaped, in the form of a gear, in the form of tubules, a spring etc. Meet on one and several openings.
Rondel (Rondelle Spacer Beads) - the dividing elements having a concave form. As a rule, are decorated with pastes.
Krimpa (blooming beads, Crimps Beads) – small metal beads of a cylindrical form. Flat-nose pliers they are clamped on a rope or a cord. Thus, krimpa not movably fix beads or other decorative elements. After a latching they look as small beads.
Stoppers (Stopper) – the fixing element for fixing of beads on a choker (see a choker), a cord etc. Unlike krimp does not demand a latching flat-nose pliers. Happens in the form of a bead clip-on earrings, to silicone sealants, to a carving. There are pair stoppers with a chain as on a photo (two stoppers connect among themselves a short chain).
The masking accessories
Kontseviki (Tip Crimp End) – elements for fastening of tips of cords, a scaffold, a tape etc. of Kontseviki besides fixing hide knots, not esthetic ends. The cord is put in kontsevik and shutters are clamped by flat-nose pliers.
Kalota (a skufeyka, Crimps Bead Tips, Calotte) are holders for a scaffold or a rope in the form of a cockleshell which mask small knots on the ends of ornament. Kalot consists of two parts: a roundish shutter for knots and an eyelet or a hook for an attachment to a thread of an additional element.
Cringles (blochka, Eyelets) - the decorative elements of accessories intended for ornament and a fringing of openings of beads.
Hats for beads (sockets, sometimes "obnimatel", Beads Caps tenderly call) – the decorative element framing a bead. Sometimes use for masking of the end of ornament. Forms and sizes great variety. Happen also bilateral. The hat "allocates" a bead and emphasizes its beauty.
Traps for beads (a cage, Bead Cages) are spirals from a wire in which place a bead. For use it is necessary to move apart accurately tonkogubets or kruglogubets a spiral on the middle of a trap, to insert a bead inside and the tool to return a wire into place. The trap with a bead can be passed throughout a cord, and it is also possible to use as a suspension bracket (if on one end of a trap cage there is a hook).
Framework for beads (Bead Frame) – a frame for beads. The frame has two openings between which on a scaffold place a bead. A framework happens a different form and is decorated in the different ways – patterns, stones etc.
Suspension brackets ("sharmik", Charms Pendants) – ready decorative metal elements for jewelry.
Settings (frames, Setting) are the framework intended for an insert of cabochons (the ground stone), stones and other decorative elements. Happen in the form of suspension brackets or medallions.
Medallion (Locket) - the large ornament consisting of two shutters. Often insert photos or tiny subjects into a medallion.
Costume jewelry basis
Lanka (a jeweler rope, Tiger Tail Beading Wire) – a thin steel rope (0,25 to 0,6 mm). The jeweler rope represents some thin delays which are wrapped up by a polymeric covering. Strong, flexible.
Spandex (Elastic String) – a thin elastic elastic band. For durability it is better to use the elastic band put twice.
Memori-provoloka (Memory Wire) – the wire with "memory" which holds the form and reminds a spring. Use for bracelets.
Choker (Choker) - a rigid basis for a necklace or a bracelet on a screw lock. Very strong. It is used for threading of beads with a wide opening.
Basis (preparation) - the complete elements of ornament demanding only a decor. There are preparations of rings, pins, charms, brooches, suspension brackets etc.
Kruglogubtsa – the tool which working part consists of two cone-shaped sponges with roundish edges. Twisting of a wire is applied to capture and deduction of fine details.
Tonkogubtsa are kruglogubets with thinner and long ends which are narrowed on the ends. There are tonkogubets to the direct ends and bent (as on a photo).
Bokoreza – nippers with the cutting edges parallel to handles.
As you see, dear readers of InfoAdvisor.net, the accessories choice for costume jewelry is huge. And terminology of this area is constantly replenished and corrected. I think that about many "interesnost" for handwork I even do not suspect. But in it and a charm - constantly to learn about something new. Surround yourself with beautiful bagatelles, it is so pleasant!