From this disease anybody is not insured. Everyone can incidentally overcool, insufficiently well to wash genitals and to bring an infection... Let's note that women have cystitis much more more often than men, it is connected with features of a structure of a female organism.
Cystitis begins with sharp pains in a stomach bottom, is slightly higher than a pubic bone. Desires on an urination become frequent, during an urination of the patient feels severe pain and burning. Night urinations become frequent. Also urine changes: it becomes muddy, sometimes with blood streaks.
InfoAdvisor.net warns against wrong opinion: for treatment of cystitis it is not enough to accept any antibiotic that the illness receded. Cystitis will be for a while suppressed by an antibiotic but when its action ends, the infection will start breeding again and symptoms of cystitis will return.
At women cystitis arises at hit of an infection from a vagina to the urethral canal. At men cystitis is caused by the infection extending from . Most often emergence of cystitis is caused staphylococcus, by streptococci, colibacillus. Cystitis can be and manifestation or therefore for exact diagnostics it is necessary to make the test on these diseases. Prostatitis too can be the cause of cystitis.
The infection gets to the urethral canal, and then to a bladder. The inflammation of walls of a bladder develops. If cystitis not to treat, the infection can get in mochetochnik above — into .
At young girls cystitis often develops right after the beginning of sexual life. After a defloration the microflora of a vagina is broken, bacteria get to the urethral canal and a bladder from there — it and causes an inflammation.
InfoAdvisor.net also pays your attention that not up to the end cured cystitis passes into a chronic form when walls of a bladder are deeply struck, but exacerbations of cystitis occur only after decrease in immunity (overcooling, alcohol)
Diagnosis of cystitis
For statement of the diagnosis urine of the patient is investigated under a microscope and analyze quantity of leukocytes — the their more, the inflammatory process is stronger. Further, make crops of urine of the patient on Wednesday, favorable for development of bacteria, for clarification of the causative agent of a disease. Depending on what species of bacteria "grew" on crops, select drugs.
If it is not enough data of crops and microscopic research, to the patient carry out a tsistoskopiya. Availability of blood in urine is the absolute indication for carrying out a tsistoskopiya. After all blood can testify not only to cystitis, but also to more dangerous diseases. For carrying out a tsistoskopiya of the patient stack on a back, and feet fix on special support. Then into the urethral canal enter anesthetizing (lidocaine, ultrakain). When anesthetic works, into the urethral canal enter the cystoscope — a thin tube with the optical device on the end. Advancing the cystoscope on the urethral channel, the doctor examines channel walls (whether there is an inflammation). In a bladder the cystoscope allows to see inflammatory process, and at the same time to reveal existence/lack of stones, tumors. Complication of a tsistoskopiya is the bleeding caused by irritation of walls of the urethral channel the cystoscope.
Except a tsistoskopiya apply ultrasonography, a X-ray or a nuclear and magnetic and resonant tomography of a basin to diagnosis of cystitis. But these researches are conducted much less often.
Treatment of cystitis
For successful treatment of cystitis of the patient it is not obligatory to hospitalize. The disciplined person, having got sick with cystitis, will spend some days at home, in a bed, accepting plentiful drink (2-2,5 liters of liquid per day) and keeping to a diet – any sharp, salty, sour, spicy products, only porridges, soups, milk. For the period of treatment of cystitis it is better to refuse intimacy not to aggravate a course of disease. If to observe this mode and recommendations of the doctor — cystitis it is possible to cure so he never will remind of himself any more.
At women treatment of cystitis has to be combined with treatment of diseases of a vagina and restoration of its normal microflora. Traditional of cystitis – furagin, biseptol – their efficiency is confirmed for years. However, InfoAdvisor.net would like to note that microorganisms have property to adapt to constantly used drugs and drugs cease to work. In that case to the patient look for the drugs replacing them. A new preparation for treatment of cystitis is Kanefron. In its structure a centaury grass, roots of a lyubistok medicinal, rosemary leaves. These vegetable ingredients provide anti-inflammatory, antibacterial action.
Apply methyluracil to acceleration of regeneration of tissues of bladder locally. Apply nitroxoline to suppression of activity of microbes, 5-HOK. If on crops the causative agent of an infection was allocated, appoint a preparation to which the activator possesses high sensitivity, that is such medicine which will effectively work. Most often appoint antibiotics of a penicillinic row (penicillin, ampicillin). After an antibiotikoterapiya it is necessary to take care of restoration of normal microflora of a vagina — it is guarantee of health of a bladder. For settling of a vagina use syringings with the bifidumbakteriny.
At men apply the same preparations (penicillin, ampicillin, 5-HOK, nitroxoline).
The course of antibiotics at men lasts 7-10 days, at women such course is usually shorter than 3-5 days.
Also do not forget that for prevention of cystitis it is necessary careful to observe hygiene of genitals, to have the constant sexual partner and to try not to overcool.