Obesity - the serious disease arising because of a surplus of fatty tissue in an organism (a weight more than 30 kg/m index ²). Residents of economically safe countries are well familiar with this problem. The woman of 40 years become more often hostages of an illness.
Reasons of developing of obesity
Obesity - result of the broken balance between the energy coming to an organism and its expense. This imbalance arises at:
- regular plentiful consumption of fat food;
- family predisposition. If the father, and mother full, the child in 85 cases from 100 has problems with an excess weight;
- pathologies in the course of incubation of the child and at the time of delivery (for example, strong , , prompt childbirth);
- existence in the anamnesis of craniocereberal injuries and neuroinfections (meningitis, encephalitis);
- periods of hyperactivity of hypothalamic structure: teenage age, early puberty, beginning of the sexual relations, , strong .
Types of obesity
- Alimentary and constitutional obesity - this form of a disease has a hereditary origin, develops from continuous excessive and improper feeding.
- Hypothalamic obesity - result of damage of a gipotalamus owing to a mechanical trauma or an infection.
- Endocrine obesity - not an independent disease, but one of the first symptoms of pathology in work of endocrine system.
In all cases the starting mechanism of development of a disease is "in the head" at the patient. It means that certain sites of a brain undergo such changes which inevitably affect nature of food behavior of patients.
Clinical picture of obesity
On primary placement of a fatty layer on a body allocate man's (abdominal), female (glyuteofemoralny) and mixed disease forms.
The abdominal form which most often meets at men and is characterized by adjournment of fat on a stomach and the top part of a trunk, the most dangerous. On its background in the absence of appropriate treatment , arterial hypertension, ischemic heart attacks and strokes develop.
The female type of obesity is expressed by excess centimeters on hips and buttocks. On its background there are less complications unlike man's type.
At the mixed type fatty tissue evenly is distributed on all body.
Duration, form and weight of an illness define character of complaints of patients. Obesity of I-II of degree, as a rule, does not give an essential inconvenience to the person. At the III-IV degree weakness, constant fatigue, a bad dream, , prevalence of pessimistic mood are observed. becomes the invariable satellite of any physical activity. It is also possible to note strong , painful feelings in heart, in joints and a backbone. A digestive tract react , , nausea, bitterness in a mouth to excess weight, , pain in the right podreberye.
Undoubtedly, also the sexual sphere, both at men, and at women suffers. The stronger sex pays for excess weight with decrease in a potentiality and increase in chest gland. Women because of excess weight face violations of a monthly cycle, difficulties in conception of the child, growth of "unnecessary" hair on man's type.
Diagnosis of a disease
The general sign of all forms of obesity - excess weight.
Excess weight is considered as that if ideal weight is exceeded more than for 25%. The easiest way to calculate the ideal weight (the truth, with a big assumption) - to use a formula: (growth in centimeters) - 100. If growth makes 160 cm and more, it is necessary to take away not 100, but 110. Surplus of the weight of 25-29% - the I degree of obesity, 30-49% - the II degree, 50-99% - the III degree, 100% and more - the IV degree.
Anyway, for competent consultation it is necessary to address to the doctor.
Treatment of obesity
Fight against extra kilos makes success only when in its basis accurately thought over diet and adequate physical activity. Caloric content of a daily diet has to be not above daily power consumption.
The best effect is observed from low-calorie diets, balanced on the main ingredients. The people having obesity have to eat fractionally not less than five-six times a day, small portions. They should forget about fats and the refined carbohydrates, but vegetables and fruit can be eaten often and in large numbers (taboo bananas, grapes and dates). Starvation is practiced only in hospital conditions under supervision of experts. Good results can achieve, adhering to a low-fatty diet: the daily volume of fats makes no more than 25-30 g per day.
Alternation of low-calorie and low-fatty diets with obligatory fasting days allows to reach optimum weight quickly.
With a big excess weight the doctor can recommend to patients the remedies (Mazindol, Phentermine). But such preparations have side effects: allergic reactions, patient's sedatirovaniye. As zhiromobilizuyushchy means is used Adipozin courses for 20-30 days in a combination with diuretics. Well proved a preparation of new generation - Orlistat. Medicine interferes with absorption of fats in intestines.
In treatment of obesity the special place is taken away for the general massage and the increased physical activity.
Prevention of obesity
InfoAdvisor.net pays your attention to some simple rules which in an ideal have to become a good habit and norm for everyone.
- Watch the food, carefully choosing products which you will have on a plate. Sweet, flour, fat, sharp - it is unconditional, very tasty food, but not absolutely safe for your health. Never pass a breakfast and a lunch, do not eat in 4 hours prior to a dream better. Having a snack between the main meals is allowed if you are able to have a bite fruit, sandwiches and rolls with tea are not welcomed.
- It is very important to drink much - not less than 2,5 liters of water a day. Sometimes the feeling of thirst masks under a strong feeling of hunger which we with pleasure "jam" harmful products. Remember: if to drink a glass of water in 20-30 minutes prior to food, it is possible to grow thin; and here the juice or tea drunk right after food, anything except excess centimeters on hips, will not bring to you.
- Do not forget about purposeful physical exercises which will help you to be in good shape. is capable to liquidate excess calories if you did not keep and ate more put at supper. Choose that to you to liking. Foot walks, dances, , a jump rope is there can be anything, only move, give oxygen to the body and it by all means will answer you with good health.
- Practice fasting days - they give the chance to have a rest to a digestive tract, bring all "garbage" out of an organism. 1 or 2 times a week during the day drink a lot of water or herbal teas, eat fruit or vegetables which help an organism to be peeled.
- If you have to work often behind the computer, introduce for yourself the following rule: in front of the monitor is it is impossible! So you will save yourself from a systematic overeating. Surely compensate "sedentary" hours active recreation with a family or friends. It is not important, how old are you, after all to sweep by bicycle pleasantly both in 20, and in 50, isn't that so?
- If you at last decided to change cardinally a way of life, be not too lazy to visit the attending physician or the nutritionist. The expert will prompt how to adjust the food, to what sport to give preference and from what, in view of an individual state of health, it is better to refuse.
Our body and our health - an indicator of ours to itself the relations. The more the person loves and respects himself, the more probably that "obesity" it will never face the diagnosis.