Barbusa belong to fresh-water family of Karpov. As it is interesting to watch these naughty teases! Here one quickly floats behind another as if plays a game of tag, and that couple ransacks in ground part of an aquarium as if something looks for. If you look for residents for the first in life aquarium, barbusa will become the ideal beginning of future collection of underwater pets.
Barbus of this version is considered as the most demanded representative of each house reservoir today.
The small fish grows to 7 cm in length. It looks rather effectively: it has a high bright yellow trunk which is a little flattened on each side. All case is decorated with vertical wide strips of black color. Females surpass males in the sizes a little and differ in less bright color. They large and wide, they have a full volume paunch. Males of a barbus are distinguished on a red snout and extreme beams of a tail fin.
Hard water is suitable for spawning of a sumatransky barbus. The small fish is ready to reproduction at the age of 8–9 months, but for receiving plentiful and strong posterity of producers prepare from 4-month age. For this purpose choose the largest individuals with saturated coloring and keep them in an aquarium in which stable water temperature does not exceed 23 °C. In a nerestovika temperature has to be not less than 27-28 °C. The prolific female of a sumatransky barbus for one spawning can sweep out to 500 berries. On average spawning proceeds about 2-3 hours. It is possible to distinguish young males from the self-check already at 3-month age on a tail of a red shade.
There is an exotic kind of "sumatran" - barbus albinosny. These are small fishes of pleasant golden-yellow color with vertical strips of a milky-white shade. At males chest fins are painted in red color, at females fins yellowish. Condition of keeping and reproduction of albinos and usual sumatransky barbus the identical. Let's note that not so prolific barbusy-albinos as their brighter relatives.
How to contain barbus
The volume in which to a flock of small small fishes it will not be close, makes about 50 l. Take care of the water temperature, comfortable for a barbus: 20-24 °C are quite enough. The chemical composition of the water environment is not of great importance for health of a small fish. Watch only that water in an aquarium was not too old, after all in a natural reservoir of a barbusa prefer to live in flowing water. It is not difficult to make an artificial current in house conditions: the pomp or the aerator will help with it.
Small types of barbus prefer to single existence the cheerful company from 5–8 individuals. Skilled aquarians noticed one amusing nuance: in the general artificial reservoir peacefully behaves barbus, staying in proud loneliness, or the flock consisting of 7-10 small fishes. And the company of barbus from 2 to 5 small fishes starts playing pranks and lifting up neighbors. Life expectancy of a small fish under good conditions makes about 4 years. Representatives of large versions are held in couple or one by one. Big breeds live a little more long than the tiny colleagues.
Favourably to emphasize beauty of a natural color of a small fish, stack dark soil on a bottom of an aquarium. With vegetation it is important not to overdo: mobile barbusa need a lot of free space for movement. At the same time they like to have a rest in the thick of floating plants therefore it is possible to set plentifully with seaweed one of corners of an artificial reservoir.
Barbusa will eat any forage which you offer them. In their diet there have to be living water fleas, a Cyclops, trubochnik and a crank. Are ideally suited for small fishes of mix which part dried water fleas are, and cranks it is possible to give and in the frozen look. It is very convenient to use for feeding of barbus an industrial forage in the form of granules.
Not to do to adult barbusa and without vegetable food. First of all, the flora of your house reservoir will suffer from deficiency of natural cellulose in an organism of fish.
Compatibility of a barbus with other fishes
This small fish has not a reputation for an aquarium thunder-storm, however, short-term flashes of aggression nevertheless happen both in pack of barbus, and in the relations of a barbus with neighbors of other breeds. You have to be ready to that quarrels between these creations sometimes so become aggravated that small fishes start destroying each other! Vualekhvostam, the guppy, to cockerels, skalyariya and telescopes is better to steer clear of a barbus in bad mood, otherwise they can lose the vualevy tails and fins.
Do not wait for anything good from the neighbourhood of brisk barbus and timid passive lyalius. And cocky astronotusa to a barbus not of steam, after all small fishes by all means will want to try forces.
Of course, barbusa would not refuse to become the only and full owners of the underwater territory but if you plan to part in one aquarium at once some species of small fishes, InfoAdvisor.net recommends to settle to barbusa of petsiliya, parrots or mollineziya. Small fishes for certain will get on with similar temper and a way of life.
As barbusa breed
To receive posterity from barbus in house conditions not a problem. During spawning couple of barbus is otsazhivat in nerestovik of 10-12 l, filled with water, old or specially otstoyanny within several days (at the rate of 70% of old water and 30% is fresher). Soil on a bottom of an aquarium is not stacked, limited only to seaweed as a substratum for barbus. That fishes did not eat the berries lying at the bottom of a nerestovik them cover with a special protective grid.
Some aquarians prior to spawning keep heterosexual producers in separate artificial reservoirs that whitebaits did not appear in the general aquarium where they easily can become food for adult fishes. It is simple to define readiness of a female for an ikromet: when the paunch at a small fish becomes full and volume, it is a high time to otsazhivat couple in nerestovik. Thus surely consider that in the morning on an aquarium sunshine have to fall – only in this case spawning will take place successfully and productively. For once it is possible to receive from a female to several hundred berries! After berries appear at the bottom of a nerestovik, adult small fishes return in the general aquarium.
Young barbusa are pecked out in a day after an ikromet. Small fishes are still so timid that hide in the thick of vegetation, and it is almost impossible to notice them at first. The beginning aquarians even are upset, mistakenly believing that spawning was not successful, and whitebaits did not leave berries. In 3–4 days small barbusa already smartly scurry about on an aquarium in search of food – a kolovratok and infusorians. Soon after their diet it will be possible to diversify with cancroid organisms. Barbusa actively grow and gain weight: that small fishes did not eat the friend to the friend, in one reservoir keep individuals of approximately identical age and the size. Opportunity to bring posterity appears at young barbus in 8–10 months after the birth.
Than barbusa most often are ill
If small fishes live in clear water of a spacious aquarium and regularly receive a forage in sufficient volume, they will excellently feel. And here the wrong leaving becomes the reason of various diseases of barbus.
For example, barbusa – awful gluttons. They will eat so much, how many you will be able to offer them. Quite often the small fishes who are not knowing when to stop in food perish from obesity.
Females of a barbus often have a cyst of ovaries. This illness affects a small fish if during maturing of berries producers had no suitable conditions for spawning.
Barbusa are very sensitive to toxins which allocate the elementary microorganisms parasites, causative agents of various ektoparazitarny diseases. For their treatment use powder bitsillina-5 which should be diluted 6 days in a row in aquarium water. Active ingredient of a preparation decays under the influence of a sunlight. Medicine is added to an aquarium at the rate of 500 00 PIECES on 100 l of water.
As other effective medicine consider biomitsin. 1,3–1,5 g of means are enough for 100 l of water. The preparation is dissolved in an aquarium by each 6–7 days for 1 month.
The most serious infectious disease of barbus is branchiate decay (brankhiomikoz). The infection destroys the vessels and arteries surrounding gills because of what they start decaying and collapsing. The infected small fish refuses a forage, keeps generally in the top part of an aquarium, falling by a bottom only to be scratched about soil. Treatment of a brankhiomikoz yields positive results at an initial stage of development. For this purpose in water dissolve Rivanol and Griseofulvin.
Selecting inhabitants for the aquarium, surely remember a barbus, and the cheerful small fish by all means will become your favourite.