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How to make an aquarium the hands

From what to us in general to be engaged in independent assembly of an aquarium? Really. After all now the aquarium can be found in any pet-shop and, of course, in a poultry market. But there are three reasons for which you are solved on it: in shop there is no suitable copy (the price does not arrange), it is interesting to check the masterful qualities, are going to earn additionally it.
From what to us in general to be engaged in independent assembly of an aquarium? Really. After all now the aquarium can be found in any pet-shop and, of course, in a poultry market. But there are three reasons for which you are solved on it.
  1. There is no suitable copy (a suitable configuration or on a ratio "price quality").
  2. It is interesting to you to check the workshops to kachestvava interestingly to porukodelnichat.
  3. You are going to earn additionally it.
Having dealt with motivation, it is necessary to present accurately the end result, i.e. what aquarium you would like to see at yourself. And the size will be the defining factor here, of course. However, it is necessary to understand: that you want, and with what it is necessary to begin are different things. advises to begin with small – 20-40 liters. Do not think that it is in vain the spent money and time. First, it is experience. You will experience technology, will work equipment. Secondly, this specimen will not be superfluous. If the aquarium turned out without serious defects, it can be sold, presented then to somebody or to leave to itself. After all each aquarian has a need for a karantinnik or a nerestovika.
If qualitatively to make an aquarium it did not turn out, it is not necessary to throw out. It is possible to clear everything and to try to stick together once again.
Now we understood that we want and solved with what we will begin. The following question – what to glue and than?

We choose glass

In a choice of glass it is necessary to pay attention to a grade. Grades begin with the highest M1 and come to an end with the lowest M8 (the grade is higher, the quality is better). For an aquarium you should not take glass lower than A M3.
If you do a simple aquarium for the house, it is not necessary to subtilize with glass material. Usual showcase glass – an excellent choice. It can be bought in any glass workshop. The only thing, check that there were no impregnations, scratches and bubbles.
Further it is necessary to determine thickness of necessary glass, it becomes by means of special tables. But for a start it is necessary to know dimensions of future aquarium. We select the desirable length, height and width of an aquarium, being guided by the necessary volume of an aquarium (from calculation that the volume of a rectangular vessel is equal to V = to l • and • to h, where 1 — length, and — width, h – reservoir height).
After we look in the table – from it you will understand what glass of thickness is necessary for your aquarium.

Height (cm)Length (cm)
305mm5mm6mm6mm6mm *6mm *6mm *6mm **
355mm5mm6mm6mm *6mm *6mm *6mm **8mm *
405mm6mm6mm6mm *6mm *6mm **8mm *8mm **
456mm6mm6mm *6mm *6mm **6mm **8mm **8mm **
506mm6mm6mm *6mm *8mm *8mm *8mm **8mm **
556mm *6mm *6mm *8mm *8mm *8mm **8mm **8mm **
606mm6mm *8mm *8mm *8mm *10mm *10mm *10mm **
656mm *6mm *8mm *8mm *10mm *10mm **10mm **10mm **
708mm8mm *10mm *10mm *10mm *10mm *10mm **10mm **
758mm10mm *10mm *12mm *12mm *12mm *12mm **12mm **
808mm10mm *10mm *10mm *12mm *12mm **12mm **12mm **
8510mm10mm *12mm *12mm *12mm *15mm *15mm *15mm **
9010mm10mm *12mm *12mm *12mm *15mm *15mm **15mm **
9512mm12mm *12mm *12mm *15mm *15mm *15mm **15mm **
10012mm12mm *12mm *15mm *15mm *15mm *15mm **19mm **
* - with stiffening ribs; ** - with edges and couplers

Stiffening ribs are strips of glass for strengthening of walls of an aquarium in order to avoid their progibaniye under pressure of water. They have the same thickness, as walls of an aquarium, length equals to the internal length of an aquarium, width of 2-5 cm.
In vessels more long 50 cm of a stiffening rib are obligatory (though they can be pasted and in smaller aquariums). They are pasted perpendicular to front and to lateral glasses from front and back glass, at distance of 2-3 cm from top.
Besides giving of durability existence of stiffening ribs has also other useful properties. First, it is convenient to stack integumentary glass on it, secondly, it facilitates carrying.
With a length of aquarium more than 1,5 meters in addition to stiffening ribs also couplers are necessary. These are strips of glass of the same thickness and width, as a stiffening rib. They are glued to stiffening ribs from below or at a bottom. Width of each coupler is 3-5 cm.

Cut flew down

Decided on parameters of glass. Now, as to cut out it.
I do not advise you to cut out glass. First, it is dreary. Secondly, it does not cost that. Cut often is included in the glass price, and at the skilled glazier it will turn out much better. Especially, if in a workshop cut out not the glass-cutter, and by means of the special machine: so the sizes turn out more exact, and cuts with higher quality that in turn influences convenience of gluing together and accuracy of appearance. And if you stick together a small aquarium, it is worth finding a workshop where details will cut out from scraps. And the difference in the price will pleasantly surprise you.
Take an interest. In some workshops service – processing of edges of glass is provided. It is an important point of safety. If do not find similar service, anything terrible. Will process edges in house conditions.


Than it is better to stick together an aquarium? Certainly – silicone adhesive. Here the main thing – to be convinced that:
  1. Sealant – 100% silicone;
  2. It is suitable for aquariums. Study information on a tube. would like to warn that there are special antifungal sealants which are pernicious for live organisms! Be attentive!
    The optimum Dow Corning 911 option which is most checked by experience.
Having decided on brand, we will solve, what color to take sealant. Happen black, white and colourless.
  • the black – with them the big clearness of borders is necessary; looks better in big aquariums (from 100 l);
    C черным герментиком нужна большая четкость границ
  • the colourless – are less visible pasting flaws; are universal;
    С белым герметиком меньше видны огрехи склеивания
  • the white – should be coordinated to design of the room.
It is clear that it is better for beginner to choose the colourless.
To squeeze out glue from a tube very difficult therefore for convenience it is necessary to get special "gun" for expression.

Gluing together of an aquarium

Also it will be necessary for production of an aquarium for you:
  1. soft grinding stone;
  2. syringe 20 vat;
  3. napkins;
  4. edges;
  5. obezzhirivatel.
There are two main ways of pasting of aquariums.
  1. walls on a bottom;
  2. walls round a bottom.
In literature the 2nd often moves ahead, as the most reliable. Learned by own experience that the first concedes nothing on durability and it is much more convenient in production. On its example I will also tell about aquarium manufacturing techniques in house conditions. In this method it is necessary to consider only that the sidewall has to be shorter than bottom width on 2 glass thicknesses plus 1 mm reserved.
Well that, now we have all necessary, and it is possible to get to work. Let's begin.
Step 1. If edges of glasses are not ground in a workshop, it is necessary to do it. It is obligatory to make it, differently not to avoid cuts.
In house conditions it is simpler to make it as follows. We gather in a water 10-15 cm high bathtub. We put a terry towel on a bottom (differently corners pootkalyvatsya). We put on it glass. We moisten a grinding stone and we start grinding off all edges.
    But! It is possible to assume that it is better to process also the stuck together surfaces of glasses. However, it not so. Properties of silicone are that that it keeps on smooth surfaces better. And from the rough – comes unstuck.
Step 2. After the end of procedure of processing of edges of glass it is wiped, we dry and we degrease end faces alcohol or acetone.
Step 3. We put a bottom in that place where our aquarium will dry, previously having spread any paper. On a tube of sealant we dress the welling-up nose. We cut off its tip so that diameter of an opening equaled 2/3 thickness of the stuck together glass. Consider that the cut is higher, the opening is less.
We take a forward wall. We squeeze out sealant a uniform sausage on that end face which the wall will become on a bottom.
    If you glue glass 4 mm thick, unambiguously to apply silicone from 20 vat syringes more conveniently. It will provide the smaller thickness of a sausage. Then it is necessary to smooth out less, and a job respectively will more accurately be got.
When putting sealant recommends to watch that it was not formed cavities or thinnings.
При нанесении герметика следите, чтобы не образовывалось полостей или утоньшений
Their existence worsens gluing together durability, threatening tightness and reliability of an aquarium. As soon as noticed similar impregnations, at once try them to eliminate. Namely: closely bring a nose of glue and squeeze out missing amount of glue in a cavity.
As soon as applied glue on all length of a wall, we take it and we put on a bottom. It is not necessary to press down strongly, differently too much glue will get out.
Как только нанесли клей на всю длину стенки, берем ее и ставим на дно. Придавливать сильно не надо, иначе слишком много клея вылезет.
    One more feature of silicone is that the more thickness of the fastening layer, the more strong it will hold.
The main thing that glue got out from two parties a little. We do not touch the got-out parts. At this stage we so also leave all.
The pasted wall needs to be operet about something. Temporarily.
Step 4. Now we take a sidewall. Again we squeeze out an identical layer glue. Only this time we smear the lower end face (which will become on a bottom) and lateral (which it will be pasted to already standing windshield).
Приставляем деталь на место и внимательно следите за стыками, чтобы не было скосов
We put this detail on a place and we watch closely joints that there were no bevels. We do not forget to check quality of the pressed-down silicone layer. Now it is more convenient to make it since glue on a lateral joint was how evenly distributed it is visible much better. It is not necessary to prop up here any more.
Step 5. We make similar procedure with the remained two parties.
5.	Аналогичную процедуру проделываем с оставшимися двумя сторонами
    Putting vertical walls, the main thing on glue, not to overdo with their pressing to each other not to squeeze out, already standing from a bottom.
Ставя на клей вертикальные стенки, главное, не перестараться с прижатием их друг к другу, чтобы не выдавить, уже стоящие со дна
Step 6. In such crude look we leave our aquarium to dry for days. By no means not to rearrange it.
Step 7. After days, we paste stiffening ribs if they are necessary.
We put an aquarium on a sidewall. We smear a stiffening rib with glue from three parties (along length and two width).
Кладем аквариум на боковую стенку. Намазываем ребро жесткости клеем с трех сторон (вдоль длины и две ширины)
At edges the main thing is good to smear the long party. We paste. One, then the second. We leave to dry for days, if an aquarium small (and for two days, if big). It is better to look in the instruction on a tube, what time is necessary for this sealant for full drying since copies which two days have not enough meet.
У ребер главное хорошо намазать длинную сторону
    Interesting fact. Silicone dries in the damp environment quicker.
By the way, stiffening ribs often use as a support for integumentary glass.
Step 8. Now we take an edge and we cut off surplus of glue on seams, the movement by an edge it is done along glass. On internal seams it is possible not to cut off in principle, in water it will be imperceptible if used colourless glue.
Берем лезвие и обрезаем излишки клея на швах, движение лезвием делаем вдоль стекла
Step 9. Now we fill in an aquarium with water (it is desirable completely for certain to check). It is necessary to fill in in that place where it is not terrible if suddenly begins to flow. We leave it so at some o'clock. We look at seams and especially carefully at corners: if anywhere droplets do not filter, so all of us made correctly. Our aquarium is ready!

Elimination of a leak

Some errors can be found in a ready aquarium. On experience it is checked: it is not necessary to get rid of the rejected product, always the shortcoming can be corrected. A question in what efforts. Here it is necessary to look on a situation. will give the main examples.
A. Pogreshnost's example – a leak in a corner.
Decision: with a force to cover with a finger silicone in a corner from the inside. It is possible to cover leaks directly in water. If the leak did not manage to be eliminated, it is necessary to cut completely a seam, and, it is necessary to cut out two walls of an aquarium. Carefully to clean off joints an edge from silicone, anew to coat and stick together.
    If were smeared with a finger in silicone, how do not clean off it from a hand, at a contact of glass will remain a trace. Such mistakes delete with an edge. Accurately, conducting parallel to glass.
B. Pogreshnost's example – a leak on a seam.
Decision: it is possible to try to cut out a seam slice. In an interval to press through glue. If it did not turn out, to cut off two walls as in an example And.
V. Pogreshnost's example – series of small bubbles.
Погрешность – череда мелких пузырьков
Decision: if the aquarium does not flow, to do nothing. Such aquariums stand on practice without problems.
    Small secret. If the checked aquarium began to be equipped and just now noticed a leak, small it is not terrible and it is possible not to re-stick it. The microcrack will soon be hammered with the smallest particles of soil and other components of microflora of an aquarium.
Everything is much easier, than it seems at first sight. Main to do everything accurately and accurately.
And the last. When you finish work, of course, will start examining the creation in details. For certain will notice small bevels, inaccuracies, blots. Do not carp at yourself and be not upset!
Here three reasons which will console you.
  1. Even in the best workshop it is impossible to cut glasses ideally exactly.
  2. Even at the pro the hand can tremble.
  3. In the functioning aquarium all this is imperceptible.
Good luck!
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