Interesting about an acorus
As the homeland of an acorus marsh consider territories of Southeast Asia. Believe that in Russia learned about an acorus at the time of invasion of the tataro-Mongolian yoke. The Tatar soldiers knew that the acorus is capable to clear water therefore carried it with themselves in campaigns, if necessary threw into reservoirs. It is noticed that rhizomes long time continue to be viable. Getting to water, they came to life also in such here way of a plant and expanded in Russia. In those days in the people it was called "the Tatar potion", "the Tatar saber", a tatarnik. Merchants of the Middle East were well enriched, selling fragrant dry backs of this plant as spice or the candied delicacy. If to add a little acorus to a culinary dish, it will develop a peculiar smell and a taste. The candied rhizome slices quite can replace to gourmets ginger, or cinnamon. In the Middle Ages the acorus was appreciated as an excellent disinfectant, it chewed for the prevention of infection with cholera, a typhus, at the outbreaks of these illnesses. Doctors used powder for a prisypaniye of wounds that healed quicker.
Description of a plant
The Latin name of an acorus marsh (or ordinary) sounds as Acorus calamus. Loves raise this perennial in damp places, on bogs. Height are reached by 100-120 cm. Belongs to family of the aroidny. The rhizome creeping, brownish, long (to 1,5 m), grows horizontally, in some places can reach thickness in three centimeters. From it characteristic aroma proceeds, on taste it is burning - bitterish, spicy and tart. Large xiphoidal leaves of bright green coloring grow from growth points by a rhizome. Their height is from 60 to 120 cm, and width is from 1 to 2,5 cm. On an uploshchyonny tsvetonos the ear – the lateral inflorescence which is narrowed up is formed. Florets small, chartreuse color. A fruit – red multiseed berry. In Russia thickets of an acorus can be met in the delta of Volga, in Kuban and in other southern areas, and sometimes and in Siberia. Preparation of these curative rhizomes is carried out in the fall, picking up them from water a rake or a shovel. Then they should be washed out carefully, exempting thus from leaflets, small backs growing from the lower party similar to laces. Further it is necessary to cut raw materials on small slices, to spread out for drying on an attic or quickly to dry up in the dryer. Only you should not expose temperature more than 30 degrees, then all useful substances will remain. Qualitative raw materials after drying very fragrantly, on a break the pinkish-white. Taste at it bitterish, specific.
What is a part?
Aroma is caused by the maintenance of a large amount of the essential oils consisting of an azaron, a calamine, a kalamenon, a kalamendiol. Is there and seskviterpenovy alcohol under the name kalameol, camphor, borneol, camphene, evgenol, kurkumen, kariofillen, kalaren, pro-azulene. The high content of phytoncides, akoron, izoakoron, acetic and valerian acids is revealed. In a root are revealed:
- glycosides akorin, lyutsenion;
- alkaloid calamine;
- akoretin (bitterness);
- akorovy acid;
- it is well-cared, iodine;
- ascorbic and palmitic acids;
- the azarinovy aldehyde (giving strong aroma to a rhizome);
- pitches, slime, starch.
How the acorus is applied?
It is established that rhizomes of an acorus possess the following properties:
- improve appetite, stimulate ;
- strengthen production of gastric juice;
- tone up a cardiac muscle;
- strengthen brain vessels;
- remove spasms;
- improve sight and memory;
- increase diuresis and release of bile;
- render bakteriostatichesky, anti-inflammatory, fungicide and wound healing action.
There are data that dosage forms from a rhizome of an acorus render the calming and anesthetizing effects.
Powder of a rhizome is a part of such tablets as "Vikair", "Vikalin". They are appointed for treatment of chronic , ulcer damages of a stomach or a duodenum.
At problems with a stomach, digestion (especially if acidity is lowered) when or a diarrhea disturbs, it is possible to get in a drugstore packing with rhizomes of an acorus and to prepare infusion or broth from raw materials. For broth take two tablespoons of a rhizome of the acorus (crushed) and 250 ml of boiled water. After boiling of structure hold it on small fire of 10 more minutes. Dosage: on 50 ml of the filtered broth four times a day.
This broth it is good to wash out wounds which suppurate or badly heal. In a drugstore powder under the name "Ambulance" as a part of which there is also a powder of rhizomes of an acorus is on sale. It is convenient to use it at cuts, grazes, wounds, for treatment of eels and the trophic becoming wet wounds. Besides, the acorus is included in structure of many collecting (gastric, appetizing). Here an example of the collecting regulating activity of a digestive tract:
- 1 part of a rhizome of an acorus;
- 2 parts of leaves of a peppermint;
- 2 parts of a rhizome of a valerian;
- 3 parts of leaves of a nettle;
- 1 part of bark of a buckthorn.
Fill in a tablespoon of this mix of 250 ml of boiled water. Put on small fire. After boiling lower fire and leave on a plate for 10 min. Then switch off gas, and broth let will stand under a cover of 30 more minutes. Drink the filtered broth twice a day (in the morning and in the evening) on 100 ml.
At diathesis and rickets at kids trays with mixes of herbs which also the rhizome of an acorus marsh enters are recommended. Here example of one such mix:
- 1 part of a rhizome of an acorus;
- 1 part of a grass of a thyme;
- 1 part of leaves of mint;
- 1 part of a grass of rosemary;
- 1 part of flowers of a camomile;
- 1 part of a lavender.
Take 50 grams of such mix of plants, fill in with two liters of boiled water, after boiling hold on fire of 10 minutes, then switch off a plate. Insist 30 minutes. After filtering pour out the received curative fragrant broth in a children's tray and bathe in it the kid of 15-20 minutes.
At vomiting, it is possible to use in advance prepared tincture. It requires 20 grams of the rhizomes of an acorus crushed in powder and 100 ml of vodka. A preparation time – 14 days (in a dark locker). It is necessary to accept it inside to food (in 20 minutes) three times a day on 20 drops. This tincture can be taken for rinsing of an oral cavity – the tea spoon goes on 100 ml of warm water.
Preparations from an acorus are relevant at , , , urolithic illness, , , hysteria, , and also to improvement of hearing, sight, memory, the prevention of diseases of gums. At a bad smell from a mouth several times a day rinse a mouth the infusion prepared thus: the tablespoon of the crushed rhizomes is located in a thermos, 250 ml of boiled water are filled in. In two hours it is already possible to start filtering and rinsing.
When heartburn torments, take a little powder of a root of an acorus (such quantity that finds room on a tip of a kitchen knife) in a mouth.
Problem familiar to much – , too it is possible to try to solve by means of an acorus marsh, having prepared from it infusion. Simply fill in a tablespoon of powder of an airny root with a glass of water (cold). In 8 hours of such cold insisting the strengthening means will be ready. You will only need to filter it. Rub this structure three times a week in roots of hair. For achievement of good effect such rubbing in it is necessary to do for two months.
For prevention , , phytotherapists recommend to chew an acorus back slice twice a day.
And now Mirsovetov will warn readers about those cases when it is impossible to be treated by this remarkable fragrant back:
- At hypotonia (it can lower arterial pressure even more).
- At any bleedings.
- In a sharp phase of an inflammation of kidneys or ulcers of departments of digestion.
- At individual intolerance of this rhizome.
Very carefully it is necessary to carry out treatment by an acorus rhizome if you raised production of gastric juice. Then make collecting in which by all means there will be those components that are capable to extinguish the increased production of hydrochloric acid. Avoid use of an acorus during the periods of pregnancy or a lactation.
We hope that the received data on medicinal properties of a root of an acorus will help you to use if necessary this rhizome, without resorting to the help of the preparations created in the synthetic way. And not to do much harm to health, always consult to the phytotherapist and follow a dosage and rules of preparation of dosage forms from plants. In very small quantities as spice powder of a root of an acorus is used at preparation of soup, sauces, stewed cabbage, meat, fish.